What is Breast Cancer ? What are Types and Symptoms of Breast Cancer?

 Breast cancer is formed by unusual cells that grow out of control and pace in our body. Those cells may also make places in your body where they aren’t usually found. Such type of formation of umpteenth cells taking place in your body is when the cancer is called metastatic, which means it is spread to your entire body from where it started.

Breast cancer usually begins either in your glands that produce milk which is called lobular carcinoma of the ducts that carry it to the nipple which is called ductal carcinoma. Its growth can take place at a large pace in your breast and spread to nearby lymph nodes or through your bloodstream to almost every other organs. Cancer may grow and invade the different tissues around your breast, such as your skin or chest wall.

Breast Cancer: Industrial Data and Data:-

According to statistical data, On average, 1 in 8 women has an evident chance of developing breast cancer in their lifetimes. About two-thirds of women with breast cancer are 55 years or older than that of age. Most of the breast cancer cases take place between 35 years to 54 years of age. Women having their first birth at 35 or older than that has 60% higher chance of getting breast cancer than one's having at the age of 20-21 years old.

Breast Cancer: Types:-

The type of breast cancer usually depends on the number of cell spread in your body.

There are various types of breast cancer, and they are broken into two main categories: “invasive” and “noninvasive,” or in situ. While invasive cancer spreads from the breast ducts or glands which are in other parts of the breast. Noninvasive cancer doesn't spread from the original tissue. It remains there.

The following two categories are used in the description of the most common types of breast cancer, which includes:-

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) – 

DCIS is considered the earliest and initial form of cancer. It is noninvasive which means its growth doesn't take place out of the milk duct and has a lower potential or no risk of becoming invasive. DCIS means the large number of abnormal cells which is inside a milk duct in the breast.
When breast cancer screening or investigation of a lump in the breast takes place that's when the foundation DCIS is found with the help of a mammogram.
DCIS doesn't have any typical symptom as such although the most common ones are a lump in the breast and discharge of blood from the nipple.

Lobular carcinoma in situ(LCIS) – LCIS is the most uncommon type of cancer in which the formation of milk glands( lobules) in the breast takes place due to the presence of abnormal cells. Being diagnosed with LCIS means that you're at high risk of developing breast cancer.
The mammograms don't work in LCIS. It is detected by breast biopsy if there is suspicious growth of lump in the breast.

Invasive ductal carcinoma(IDC) –  IDC which is also regarded as infiltrating ductal carcinoma, is the most common type of breast cancer. About 80% of all breast cancers are of this type only. The term ''invasive'' means that the cancer cells have 'invaded' or wholly spread to the surrounding areas. The term 'ductal' means that the cancer cell has spread in the milk ducts which means the pipes that transport milk from the milk-producing lobules to the nipples. Altogether it means the cancer cells which caused invasion in the tissues of the breast. If IDC gets more critical then it can even spread to lymph nodes and other parts of the body. Although it can happen to any age group, still it's more prevalent in women who grow older.

Invasive lobular carcinoma(ILC) –  ILC is the second most common type of breast cancer which takes place in the milk duct. It starts its formation from lobules, milk-producing gland, and then it gets spread to another part of the breast.  It cannot be detected from a mammogram which forms the pictures of X-ray, since cancer cells don't grow to form a mass rather it grows in the formation of a line. Most women who are diagnosed with ILC goes through surgery.

Inflammatory breast cancer(IBC) – IBC is a very rare yet very severe type of breast cancer. Getting diagnosed with IBC ranges from 5 per cent to 7 per cent. In this condition, lymph nodes get blocked near the breast due to a huge number of cancer cells. This is why lymph nodes near the breast fail to drain properly. If you're diagnosed with IBC your breast would swell, become extreme red, and very heated too.

There are more types of breast cancer but they're uncommon and it's very rare too:-

  • Paget disease of the breast – The chance of getting diagnosed by this is 1% to 3%. In this condition, cancer cells start their formation from the skin of the nipple and then spread to the whole of it covering the areola part.
  • Phyllodes Tumour – This is again the rarest type. Its development starts from the connective tissue which later gets spread in the ducts or lobules.
  • Angiosarcoma – The chance of getting diagnosed with this is less than 1%. It gets formed in lymph vessels and then spreads in the breast tissue.

Breast Cancer: Symptoms:-          

  • Formation of a lump in your great or underarm – This is the most common type Of system. This can be detected on a mammogram. If you go for a weekly checkup then this can be detected by a doctor through a mammogram even before you feel it.
  • Severe pain in the breast – Although the formation of lumps in the breast doesn't quite hurt but sometimes it causes a very prickly feeling.
  • Swollen near armpit and collarbone area – This symptom highly indicates that lymph nodes have got infected from cancer cells. Swelling may start even before the formation of a lump. Consult your physician immediately if you notice this symptom.
  • Transitory change in the nipple – The nipples starts developing pores, becomes red. Itching may take place very often. You may feel a burning sensation near the areola.
  • Unusual discharge from the nipple – The immediate secretion of blood from the nipple is suspicious and is one of the common types of symptom too.
  • Changes in touch – Your breast may feel very hard, warm or gentle.  
  • Thickening of the breast – It would thicken the surrounding area near the breast and the areola region. 
  • Inversion of Nipple – Nipple would get slightly inverted through the entrance of cancer cells.
  • Skin irritation – Through the entrance of destructive cancer cells your skin would feel altogether different, the area near your nipple may get peeled, flaked or scaled.
  • Benign Cyst – There is severe pain in the breast. Due to the formation of a lump, a benign cyst could take place.


All these symptoms don't necessarily mean that you've breast cancer rather it means that you're on the verge or your body has developed a high potential of getting diagnosed with Breast cancer. Being extra precious after observing either of these symptoms in your body is advisable.

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