What is Carcinoma Skin Cancer ?

 Carcinoma Skin Cancer


We know ladies that how much you love to pamper yourself or take care of yourself through various ways and skin is the largest organ of our body so definitely you love to focus on it. Yes, it is really pathetic if something injurious happens to our skin and in cases like skin cancer it is really terrible. So, here we are to inform you regarding all the details of skin cancer so that even if you are affected by it you can take the measures quickly after going through our informative article and also get to know regarding the measurements you can take for protecting your skin.

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What does Statistics have to say regarding skin carcinoma?


In America, skin carcinoma is the most common type of cancer that is diagnosed at present. Every year more than 5 million people are getting diagnosed with skin carcinoma. The most common form of skin cancer is basal cell carcinoma and every year more than 4.3 million cases of basal cell cancer which is a non Melanoma skin cancer get diagnosed. Additionally 1 million people every year get diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma.

The most deadliest form of skin cancer is invasive Melanoma but it only formed just 1% of all the cases of skin cancer. Only 2% of the women get diagnosed with Melanoma at some point of time during their life.


What is skin carcinoma?

When some skin cells start to grow abnormally in our skin then it causes Cancer. Skin cancer grows up in those regions which are vividly exposed to the UV rays are sun rays. But chances are also there that it can grow in those regions which normally protects us from sun rays or UV rays exposure.


Types of skin cancer


There are mainly two kinds of skin cancers which keeps growing along the cells of skin and the reasons are: 


Keratinocyte carcinoma Skin Cancer

This is the first category of skin cancer which is further divided into basal and squamous cell skin cancers. Usually these two types of skin cancer grow out in the areas because they are mostly exposed to Sun or UV rays like your face, head , hands on neck. Being the most common forms of skin cancer they are life threatening too. When they are left untreated they can grow larger and then start spreading into other regions of the skin of your body.


Melanoma Skin Cancer

This is the second type of skin cancer and this is usually identified by the change in skin color. The type of skin cancer which changes the color of the skin is known as Melanoma and the cells are known as melanocytes. If these melanocytes give rise to some medical issues known as benzene moles then they can be cancerous. Melanoma can happen in any place of your body. Mostly the moles tend to grow on the legs of women while for men this moles grows throughout their back and chest. When compared to the basal and squamous cell cancer, melanomas 32.3 % faster.


Symptoms of skin carcinoma:

There are no exact symptoms of skin cancer because they are non identical and that is why the symptoms vary from person to person. But the warning sign that you are getting skin cancer is by noticing some unusual changes in your skin. 71% of the women had identified that they are having skin cancer only after noticing the unusual changes in their body.

  • Growth of skin lesions: Just look after that if there is any unusual growth in your skin, if there is any scaly patch or burn which is itching or if there is any unusual growth of dark spot which is changing your skin color slowly and is not going away.
  • The color of the skin lesions: Usually the cancerous skin lesions grow in an unusual color like that of blue, pink, red or white. Also they are ragged and have uneven edges.
  • Look after the growth of: If there is any mole or other sort of spots in your body, just look after if that is changing in its color, size, texture or shape and whether it is slowly spreading all over the region.


Diagnosis of skin carcinoma:

As soon as you notice something suspicious, any change is happening all over your body or skin like, noticing any growth of Lesions then book an appointment with your doctor as early as you can. After examining your skin your doctor might treat it by himself or refer you to a dermatologist.

The dermatologist will be examining the size, shape, texture and color of the suspicious regions of your skin and they will also test if it is dry, scaly or it bleeds at times. The lab technicians might also remove a portion of the suspicious region from your skin and send it to the lab to test it. Then they can learn if you are suffering from skin cancer or not. 

If you are diagnosed with skin cancer then after determining the stage of your skin cancer the actual option for skin cancer would be identified for you.


 The various treatment options are as follows:

  • Using Creams and lotions: If your skin cancer is harmless and is detected in the early stages then it might get cured with some topical preparations. After using the creams or lotions for several weeks, its sources along with the carcinoma cells gets removed.
  • Cryosurgery: This treatment includes liquid nitrogen which is applied over the skin in order to freeze the growth of the cells. Without any incisions, the growth of the cells sinks or gets reduced.
  • Electrodessication: Firstly the growth of the abnormal cells are scraped off with the help of an instrument and then that area is burned down with the help of a professional needle for destroying any other remaining cancer cells. 
  • Excisional surgeries: Lastly, the excisional surgeries done where the cancer cells are being removed with the help of a scalpel.


Preventive measures to avoid skin cancer

In order to lower the risk of getting skin cancer you have to maintain yourself from getting too much exposure to sunlight or any other sources of UV rays. But if due to your job you have to come under the radiations then make it sure to not stay over there for extended time period and follow the following measures:

  • Try to avoid direct sun exposure when the rays of the Sun are strongest, that is from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m.
  • Do not use Sun lamps or tanning beds
  • Don't forget to apply sunscreens having a minimum sun protection of Spf 30 or higher, at least 30 minutes before going outdoors and also don’t forget to apply lip balm to protect your lips too.
  • Make sure to wear sunglasses that have UVA and UVB protection and do use an umbrella or a hat which has a wide brim while going outdoors during daylight hours.


So, always stay alert and try to notice if there are any unusual changes in your skin because the earlier you can diagnose, the faster your treatment would be and the same would be the rate of your recovery. Also don’t forget to protect your skin from the harmful rays in every way you can.


References:


https://www.healthline.com/health/skin-cancer


https://www.skincancer.org/


https://www.healthline.com/health/skin-cancer


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