What is the most common type of skin cancer?

 What is the most common type of skin cancer?

What is the most common type of skin cancer?_ ichhori.com

What is the most widespread skin cancer type? Well, to answer this question asked by many is - "Basal Cell Carcinoma." Among all the different types of cancers, it's the most profoundly found skin cancer worldwide. According to the researchers, age is not a constraint when talking about skin cancer - Basal Cell Carcinoma. If you have been playing too much in the garden on sunny days, then as well your chances to get Basal Cell Carcinoma skin cancer increase. Tanning bed and ultraviolet rays are the main causes that lead to Basal Cell Carcinoma skin cancer. The DNA of your skin cells is prone to get destroyed if too many ultraviolet rays are passed onto your skin. If DNA gets damaged, then the birth of Basal Cell Carcinoma skin cancer cells starts happening gradually. Once an initial skin cancer cell formation is over, it leads to its multiplication. 

The article today is going to make you well versed with the most common type of skin cancer prevailing worldwide. 

What Is Basal Cell Carcinoma?

Basal Cell Carcinoma is one of the types of skin cancer whose emergence in your skin is due to heavy exposure to ultraviolet sun rays. The bones and tissues are the closest areas that are a risk of getting affected due to it. However, the  Basal Cell Carcinoma doesn't easily travel to other parts of your body. Also, to bring to your knowledge, it has a 92% chance of getting cured fully when it's identified at the early stages of skin cancer. Its risk level that could threaten your life survival is not more than 20 to 30% and that happens for the last stage skin cancer patients. You can find a small bump at your nose or other areas of skin - that's when it starts happening. Fair-looking people are more prone to catching this tumor as compared to black people. At later stages, you can also get it into your trunk, toes, or fingers, and other parts of the body. 

What are the symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma?

The following list is the verified symptoms of basal cell carcinoma. You can look for the following signs or detect this type of cancer at the early stages itself. 

  • A small pearl-shaped bump is the initial symptom of its arrival. 

  • It can appear in brown, pink, or black patches. 

  • Skin growth gets very hard and waxy. 

  • Your skin starts taking the shape of a dome. Even in the infected area, the blood vessels are also going to be visible. 

  • It can also occur in the shape of a mole having the flesh color.

  • Scaly patches are visible in pink and red. 

What are the top-recommended therapy options available for Basal Cell Carcinoma skin cancer?

The following treatment options are available for Basal Cell Carcinoma. Once you have an appointment with the skincare doctor, he will recommend you the best option based on your level of skin cancer severity. 

  1. Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is one of the most commonly used therapies nowadays. It's less painful than other kinds of skin cancer cells treatment therapies. In this particular treatment, the doctor uses X-rays intending to kill the prevailing cancer cells. The same method is repeated over several weeks till you get the desired results. 

  1. Tumor Cutting

The method of tumor cutting is known as excision. Here, the doctor numbs the tumor & surrounding skin. A spoon-type tool is used to take off the tumor. Further, this tumor is cut & a small skin around it is taken for a lab test. If the test shows the presence of cancer cells, then much more skin area needs to be scrapped off. 

  1. Pills

In this method, the doctor generally recommends certain pills and skin creams to treat the skin cancer cells. The two special medicines recommended by the doctor are -

  • (5-FU) Fluorouracil 

  • Imiquimod

  1. Electricity Method

Another name for this method is curettage and desiccation. Here, the doctor removes the tumor from your skin and applies some techniques to control the excessive bleeding. Then, he uses an electric needle for killing or scrapping any other cancer cell.  

  1. Mohs surgery

Mohs surgery is also known as the layering method. In this method, the doctor removes the tumor one layer after another layer. The name 'Mohs' of this surgery was placed after the person who invented this remedy. In this method, the doctors take out some of the tissues and do a thorough study of them by looking at them under a microscope. If the microscopic results say that it has cancer cells, then the procedure gets passed on to the next layer. If the results say that there are no cancer cells present, then the treatment stops here itself. Generally, the surgery is recommended by the doctor if your tumor has reached in any one of the following written cases -

  • The time from which the tumor has been there in your body is very large. 

  • The tumor is present on sensitive skin areas of your body. 

  • You get the Tumor again post going through various treatments in your previous years. 

  • The tumor size is extremely huge. 

  1. Cancer Cells Freezing

The method of freezing is popularly known as cryosurgery. In this method, the doctor freezes the cancer cells using the nitrogen in liquid form. The motive of freezing is to kill them completely from the roots. 

Key Takeaways 

Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most commonly found skin cancer today not only in India but worldwide. Now, since you know about the verified symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma, approaching the skincare doctor as soon as you find symptoms is highly advised. Taking these signs of Basal Cell Carcinoma casually can only leave you in regret and won't do any good to you. It will deteriorate the situation further making everything look cumbersome. Adopt the habit of doing self-examination daily by standing in front of a mirror and looking out for the potential symptoms. The journey to self-healing sooner starts from here itself. 



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