How Cardiovascular System can be Impacted by Three Mental Disorders?


How Cardiovascular System can be Impacted by Three Mental Disorders?

It has been reported that a new study shows that cardiovascular disease happens at earlier ages in people who have three mental disorders i.e., bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. The study is the first one that focuses on three mental disorders and how they are related to cardiovascular risk. 600,000 people were examined and it was discovered that the 10-year cardiovascular risk was 9.5% in those people who have these three disorders, as opposed to 8% in people who do not have these disorders. Getting cardiovascular diseases at the age of 30 increased to 25% and  11% among others. The study recommends using the 30-year risk assessment when treating people aged 18 and above with the three specific mental diagnoses.

Bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder

Bipolar disorder in the past was known as manic depression. The condition manifests by mood swings that can be depression or sadness, bleakness or unusual elation or irritability. The variations in the mood can affect clarity, judgement, sleep pattern and behaviour.

What causes bipolar disorder is still not known and research is underway. Certain institutes has has identified two risk factors that are genetics and brain structure. Family history is very pertinent, especially with people whose parent or sibling is diagnosed as bipolar, which increases the possibility of it appearing in an individual.

Schizophrenia is known as separation from reality. When brain function is disturbed, physical health, memory and how senses work can be altered. The results can hinder relationships with others and can also affect professional pursuits and other daily activities. According to Cleveland Clinic, the three most dominant causes are chemical imbalances occurring in the brain, an interruption between the areas of the brain and if the brain has issues from birth.

With schizoaffective disorder present, the emotional traits of bipolar disorder and the physical impairment of schizophrenia happen at the same time. It is a rare condition, which occurs in only 3 per cent of people. It happens at about the same rate among people but it is often found in men at a younger age than women. Causes of the disease may range from genetics and brain chemistry to stress and drug use.

Symptoms of each disorder

Active schizophrenia is identified when a person experiences hallucinations, delusions, unintelligibility or there are changes in speech patterns. Specific symptoms are feelings of distrust, suspicion or frequent fear. A person can also contemplate suicide, it may also lead to a decline in hygiene practices or attention to personal appearance. Tendency to improve mood with the help of alcohol use, prescription medications or illegal drugs increases.

There are different types of bipolar disorders. Varying occurrences of manic episodes and deep depression can identify different types of bipolar disorder. The frequency and occurrence of these episodes when they occur simultaneously or independently pinpoints Bipolar 1 or Bipolar 2 disorder, or even Cyclothymic disorder, a condition that often happens during the teen years.

Symptoms related to schizoaffective disorder include confusion, and manic behaviour, such as racing thoughts, or disorganized thinking. Disorganized thinking makes a person’s mind jump unpredictably from one topic to another. As it includes characteristics of both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, in addition to these symptoms, depression, hallucinations and delusions may also occur.

Ways to improve mental health

In 2021, the National Institute of Mental Health revised its guidelines on when to go for professional guidance. They entailed seeking professional health when you have difficulty sleeping for two weeks and also included methods to maintain and improve emotional and psychological health. Some methods of maintaining and preserving mental health, most possibly cardiovascular health, have been revised and identified too. They are both physical and mental activities.

Physical ways to maintain mental health are regular exercise, constant and adequate sleep and maintaining a proper diet. Staying hydrated with moderate consumption of caffeine can also maintain mental health. Meditation or concentrated breathing exercises, contribute to good mental health, as well.

Emotional and mental techniques can help in the improvement of mental health. You should also prcactice gratitude and positive thinking to reduce the negative and stressful thoughts. Additionally, you should focus on positivity and prioritize and acknowledge personal success, this may also reduce your stress. Social interaction with friends, family members and coworkers is vital for mental health.

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