What are the Pros and Cons of Breastfeeding ?


 What are the Pros and Cons of Breastfeeding?

Breastfeeding or bottle-feeding is a personal choice. As a new parent, it's one of the most essential decisions you'll make. Both have advantages and disadvantages.

Over the years, the topic has caused debate, with many parents feeling judged for choosing bottle-fed formula over breast milk. In any case, don't let the detractors get you down.

There is no definitive answer; only the best option for you and your baby. You'll want to have all the facts before deciding on one or the other.

If you're not sure how you want to feed your baby, keep reading to discover more about the many options.


The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and other reputable health organizations highly advise exclusively nursing for the first six months, and then continuing once solid meals are introduced, until the child is at least one year old.

Breastfeeding is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) until the child reaches the age of two or longer. Although it may appear to be a lengthy time, there are good reasons for it.

Breastfeeding, according to most experts, is the greatest way for neonates and infants to absorb nutrients and reap significant health benefits. Even more, advantages come from starting to breastfeed within an hour of giving delivery.


Breastfeeding can be beneficial to both you and your baby. Here are a few of the advantages for both you and your child.


·       Breastfeeding is completely free, except for the cost of lactation consultants and nursing bras. Pumps, bottles, formula, and Other bottle-feeding supplies like pumps, bottles, and formula are all expensive.

·       Breast milk does not necessitate any preparation. It'll be ready when your baby is. Isn't it wonderful how magnificent our bodies are?

Boost for Baby

·       Has every nutrient: Breast milk contains all of the nutrients your baby requires to grow and stay healthy, even when nutrient-rich colostrum is produced in the first few days.

·       Breastfed newborns are less likely to experience diarrhoea or stomach distress than those who are not.

·       Breast milk helps protect the baby's immune system from ear infections, pneumonia, bacterial, and viral illnesses.

·       Breastfed babies, especially exclusively breastfed newborns, may have a little higher IQ than formula-fed kids, according to research.

·       Breastfeeding, especially exclusive breastfeeding, lowers the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

·       Feeding human milk to preterm newborns or other medically vulnerable neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) reduces the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), which improves survival rates and shortens NICU stays.

·       Reduces the risk of developing other illnesses: Breastfeeding may help to prevent illnesses such as asthma and allergies. Diabetes and obesity are all issues that need to be addressed.

Good for you

·       It can speed up the recovery process by allowing your uterus to return to its pre-pregnancy size.

·       Weight loss may be aided by: Milk production burns extra calories, which can help you lose weight. (Although this isn't always the case!)

·       Breastfeeding prevents your period from returning, which can help you avoid an iron shortage after giving birth.

·       This helps your body to release hormones (such as oxytocin) that aid in your bonding with your kid.

·       Reduces the risk of certain diseases: Reduces your chances of acquiring breast cancer ovarian health, Cancer, heart disease, and diabetes.

·       Reduces the incidence of postpartum depression: According to a 2012 study, the benefits are considerably greater if you breastfeed for more than four months.

If you decide to breastfeed, your healthcare professional will probably advise you to do so for as long as you're able and comfortable.

The greater the health benefits for you and your kid, the longer you breastfeed.


Breastfeeding can be challenging, despite the fact that it is healthier and more beneficial for you and your baby. With the support of a lactation consultant and some effort, many of them can be overcome.

Don't get discouraged if getting it correctly takes some time. Here are a few prevalent issues:

·       You may have some discomfort, especially in the first few days or weeks.

·       There is no way to know how much your baby is eating because there is no way to measure it.

·       You'll need to keep an eye on your medicine, caffeine, and alcohol consumption. Some things that enter your body travel through your milk to the baby.

·       Newborns consume a lot of food. If you need to return to work or run errands, sticking to a feeding schedule may be tough. (However, pumping can assist!)


Bottle-feeding can refer to either giving your infant breast milk or using formula in a bottle. Breast milk in a bottle provides similar nutrients to breast milk, but it gives you more flexibility because the baby isn't reliant on your body for nutrition.

Breast milk that has been frozen has been shown to lose some of its nutritional and immunologic value when compared to fresh milk, but it will still have the antibodies that are so valuable to your baby (and not found in the formula).

Formula is produced, and while it is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and contains a variety of nutrients, it is not a perfect substitute for the benefits of breast milk.


·       When you are unable to feed your infant, a family member or caretaker can do it.

·       At each feeding, you can observe how much your baby is eating.

·       Formula-fed babies don't need to eat as frequently as breastfed newborns.

·       During feeding time, fathers, siblings, and other family members have the opportunity to bond with the infant.


·       Breast milk provides the best protection against infections, diseases, and disorders, but the formula does not.

·       To ensure that the formula is at the right temperature, you must combine and prepare it.

·       Bottles, formula, rubber nipples, and breast pumps may all add up quickly.

·       Constipation and gas may occur as a result of using the recipe.

·       Powdered formula necessitates the availability of clean water, which, depending on where you live, maybe a health concern.


Whether you choose to breastfeed or bottle-feed, you'll eventually need to start the weaning process, which entails fully stopping breast milk or formula.

This is normally not done until 9 to 12 months after the birth of the child. For the first six months of their lives, newborns should only be fed breast milk or fortified formula.

Even after you've introduced other meals, your doctor will probably recommend that you continue to nurse the baby for as long as it's comfortable for both of you. Breastfeeding should be continued as a supplementary food source until the child reaches the age of two or longer, according to the WHO.

Weaning should be done carefully if you're nursing, but it doesn't have to be difficult.

Some parents let their children determine when it's time to stop breastfeeding. Others start the weaning process on their own. This strategy can be more difficult, especially if your kid is still breastfeeding-dependent. (If this is the case, think about whether stopping at that point is really essential.)

Begin cautiously and progressively reduce the amount of food you're providing. This will not only benefit the infant, but it will also assist your body in becoming accustomed to making less milk and finally ceasing completely.

At initially, you may choose to cut off one daytime feeding but keep the morning and bedtime feedings. The first and last feedings of the day are more important to babies.

Starting solids

There is no clear medical suggestion as to which food or foods should be given to babies first. It's best to start with entire meals such as puréed vegetables, mashed avocado, and mashed sweet potato.

Rice cereal, a typical starting food, has little nutritional value and has been linked to arsenic contamination. The FDA advises that iron-fortified single grain white rice cereal should not be your baby's main or even primary source of nutrition. Your best bet is generally whole foods.

You can start adding other foods after your baby has adjusted to their first, such as whole-grain cereals, fruits, vegetables, and meats. Make sure the items don't have any extra salt, sugar, or flavouring.

Introduce one food at a time, and wait a few days to be sure your kid isn't allergic to it or having difficulty digesting it.


For medical reasons, some mothers are unable to breastfeed. You can possibly have a busy schedule that prevents you from breastfeeding due to a lack of flexibility.

However, breastfeeding has a lot of advantages, so try it if you can. It's possible that it'll become your favourite portion of the day.

Getting the information ahead of time and devising your own feeding strategy will help alleviate any worry or anxiety about feeding your baby. Keep in mind that this is your choice. You should follow your heart and do what seems right for your family.

If you're having problems deciding, speaking with your doctor, midwife, or lactation specialist may be beneficial.

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