Syed Mumtaz Ali, a feminist moulvi, and other feminist moulvis


Syed Mumtaz Ali, a feminist moulvi, and other feminist moulvis

It is a general perception, albeit imperfect, that religious-inclined Muslims and particularly Muslim students are against women’s rights. they are not supporting the thought of women’s education, unnumbered say.

The fact is that Muslim students have perpetually been in favor of teaching girls and have supported giving them the rights that Islam has given them. However, at the hands of Muslims, a number of these Muslim students have suffered necessary for supporting women’s rights favoring unmanful education. Moulvi Syed Mumtaz Ali was one analogous person. 

He launched AN Urdu magazine for girls and created Muhammadi Muhammadan, his woman, its editor. it was the time 1898. And fashionable angling ways in which utilized by social media zealots’ moment weren't available e in smart previous days, however communicating services were necessary for situ in British Asian nation and Mumtaz Ali often entered hate correspondence, hole falls and curses.

The magazine was named Tehzeeb-e-Niswan (conjointly written as Tehzeeb-un-Nissan at the masthead, however, was typically referred to as Tehzeeb-e-Nissan). because the name suggests, the magazine was supposed to reform the ladies, however, Moulvi Mumtaz Ali’s fellow Muslims differed, and unnumbered of them felt he was dishonorable for “deceiving” innocent Muslim girls.

Interestingly, Mumtaz Ali had consulted Sir Syed Ahmed Khan before naming his journal, and Sir Syed, whereas suggesting a title among various bones transferred to him, wrote back angrily that he wasn't in favor of launching a journal for girls in the 1st place. Sir Syed, one of the foremost sacred ultra-modernists and liberals, wasn't in favor of women’s education. However, Mumtaz Ali determined and Tehzeeb-e-Nissan, a yearly, was launched from the metropolis in 1898. It came to the first-ever magazine within the key to possess had a lady as its editor. Although Tehzeeb-e-Nissan wasn't Urdu’s 1st journal revealed merely for girls, analogous earlier magazines had no unmanful staffers and editors were virile.

Before Moulvi Mumtaz Ali, Urdu literature had seen a handful of feminist pens Moulvi Nazeer Ahmed Dehlvi and Altaf Husain Hali. Nazeer Ahmed, a madressah- educated scholar of Islam and Arabic, was a passionate supporter of women’s education and wrote Mirat- ul- Aroos, AN Urdu novel, in 1869, with intention of teaching girls, particularly his daughters.

Although his read of the sphere of sweat for girls was rather slender and also the introductory theme of the novel was homiletic, it was a good vault forward. Hali, conjointly educated in the ancient system and a scholar of Arabic and Persian, wrote quite various poems celebrating girls and their immolations, informing about the adversities girls had to travel through in key society.

But Moulvi Mumtaz Ali was unnumbered manner ahead, realistic manner before his times. Tehzeeb-e-Niswan revealed papers not solely on housework or a way to point out good youngsters but conjointly inspired inventive notations by girls. Informing girls of their legal rights as permissible by Islam was another exceptional side of the magazine. Mumtaz Ali launched another Urdu journal for girls and named it Musheer-e-Madar (Mother’s counsel) in 1905. His book Huqooq-e-Nissan (1898) explains a lady’s legal rights in Islam. His magazine for kids Phool tested to be a corner in the history of Urdu’s juvenile literature.

Moulvi Syed Mumtaz Ali was born in 1860 in Deoband, UP, a British Asian nation. He was educated at Deoband madrassah and, afterwards on, at Lahore’s government world since his father, Zulfiqar Ali, was in government service and was transferred to Punjab. In those days, Christian missionaries and Muslim students went to dialogue about spiritual problems on Lahore’s roads and alleys. Soon, Arya Samaj, a Hindu reformist movement, joined the fray.


Mumtaz Ali was keenly curious about these debates and felt Muslim students demanded deep data. thus he began reading “munazraati”( concerning spiritual debates) literature. somebody asked him to put in writing to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan for contemporary spiritual data. immature Mumtaz wrote to the nice man.

Despite his very busy schedule, Sir Syed asked him to return over and bat the problems that were bothering him. Mumtaz Ali was happy once exchanged with Sir Syed. Meanwhile, Mumtaz Ali landed employment as a translator at metropolis judicature. All this — Deoband, fashionable education, spiritual debates, legal matters, and Sir Syed’s modern and reformist program — formed his worldview and contend a significant half in his course of action within the future. tho' Mumtaz Ali couldn't complete his education and will not pass his examinations conjointly from Deoband or his BA examinations he paved the manner for girls’ education further as journalism feeding merely to women. Through his publisher in the metropolis, named Dar- ul- Isha’at Punjab, he revealed unnumbered books valued for their content and language.

Moulvi Syed Mumtaz Ali passed away in Lahore on June 15, 1935.

Previous Post Next Post