What women must know about Breast Cancer


What women must know about Breast Cancer

When Bollywood actress Mahima Chaudhry revealed her battle with breast cancer, many people expressed their support and congratulated her on overcoming a life-threatening condition. With this, she joins a group of actors, like Chhavi Mittal and Hamsa Nandini, as well as writer-producer Tahira Kashyap, who has spoken out about their breast cancer fights and helped to raise awareness.

While breast cancer is treatable today, it is only feasible to beat it if it is identified early, so keep an eye out for symptoms and get treatment right away.

Signs to be aware of

Dr Vikas Talreja, states that a new lump in the breast or underarm (armpit), swelling or thickening of a section of the breast, or dimpling or irritation of the breast skin are all warning indications. Other symptoms include redness, dry skin, nipple discomfort, and the nipple tugging in. Regular mammography appointments and a three-finger self-examination of one's breasts are recommended to look for lumps or abnormalities.

Types of cancer

Invasive and non-invasive breast cancer are the two most frequent types of breast cancer (also called breast cancer in situ). "Invasive cancer develops from the breast ducts or glands to other regions of the breast," says Dr Ankur Bahl.

Age of concern

Cancer can strike at any age, and younger women are less likely to assume they are at danger. In fact, Young Breast Cancer affects 5% of all breast cancer incidences in women under the age of 40. (YBC). "YBC is frequently aggressive and either triple-negative or HER2/neu positive breast cancer. Dr Bahl explains that these cases may have a family history of breast cancer or ovarian cancer.

Causes and treatment

Breast cancer develops as a result of genetic changes or DNA damage. Oestrogen exposure, inherited genetic disorders, or hereditary genes like BRCA1 and BRCA2 are all possible causes.

"In early stages, it can be treated with surgery, radiation, and systemic treatment," Dr. Bahl explains of the treatment options dependent on the cancer's stage. Chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy are required in patients with locally advanced breast cancer. Various combinations of hormonal, chemotherapeutic, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are required in metastatic breast cancer."

The power of positivity

Mittal informed us how her cheerful attitude helped her fight this battle when we spoke to her immediately before her last radiation treatment. "I think there's a ray of hope at the end of the tunnel." I absolutely trusted the doctor when he indicated there was nothing to be afraid of." Chaudhry, on the other hand, was inspired by the resilience of a young kid who was also battling illness. "Isi se toh thik hote hai," he told her while undergoing chemotherapy.

Foods to consume

A high diet of fatty dairy products like milk and cheese has been demonstrated to be a statistically significant predictor of an increased risk of breast cancer. A Mediterranean diet, on the other hand, may assist to reduce the risk. The following foods are included in this diet:

·       Extra-virgin olive oil

·       Nuts of many kinds

·       Fruits and vegetables are examples of plant-based foods.

·       Grain (whole)

·       Legumes

Precautionary measures

Consumption of alcohol should be done in moderation. Breast cancer is more likely to occur if you drink a lot of alcohol.

Maintain a healthy body mass index (BMI) by eating well and exercising often.

Try to nurse your infant if you've recently given birth.

Hormone therapy for postmenopausal women should be avoided to the greatest extent possible.

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