Complications following Childbirth: Signs and Treatments


Complications following Childbirth: Signs and Treatments

As you spend hours caring for your child, days and nights may start to blur together when you have a newborn (and wonder if you'll ever get a full night of sleep again). It might be simple to forget to take care of oneself because a baby requires almost continual feeding, changing, rocking, and comforting.

It's very natural to feel some pain and discomfort in the weeks following childbirth, but it's also crucial to understand when "normal" stops. Unaddressed postpartum difficulties might impede healing and result in long-term issues.

Keep in mind that while your infant requires several things, you are one of the most crucial. Give your body the attention it needs, look after yourself and consult your doctor if any concerns.

Learn about some of the most typical postpartum issues in the list below, as well as what to watch out for and when to seek medical attention.

Ø A lot of bleeding

While bleeding after childbirth is common and often lasts for two to six weeks, some women may experience severe bleeding.

Whether a woman gives birth vaginally or via caesarean surgery, normal postpartum bleeding often starts right away. It's typical to bleed profusely and pass large amounts of crimson blood and clots right after giving delivery. (It can seem like you're suddenly making up for those nine months’ hiatus!)

However, bleeding should start to lessen in the days following delivery, and you should eventually start to observe a diminished flow of darker blood that may linger for weeks. Each day should bring a lighter flow, though there may be brief spikes with increased physical activity or after breastfeeding.

When to consult a physician?

·       If after three to four days your blood flow hasn't decreased and you're still passing big clots or bleeding red blood

·       If your blood flow has slowed and then all of a sudden start to get heavier or goes bright red again

·       If you're feeling a lot of pain or cramps and the flow of blood is increasing

Excessive bleeding can be caused by a variety of problems. In actuality, excessive exertion may result in a brief rise. The most common solution for this is to sit down and relax. (We are aware of how difficult it might be, but make time to sit and hold your adorable new baby. However, more serious causes, including a retained placenta or uterine insufficiency, can necessitate medical or surgical intervention. Discuss your worries with your doctor if you have any questions.


It's no joke to give birth. For a variety of causes, it might leave you with open wounds or sutures.

Even though it's unpleasant to consider, many first-time mothers—and even those who give birth for the second, third, and fourth time—experience vaginal ripping during childbirth. This frequently needs stitches and usually happens while the infant is passing through the vaginal opening.

You will receive stitches or staples at the location of the incision if you give birth by caesarean section.

After using the restroom, you can use a squirt bottle to rinse the region with warm water if you have sutures in the vaginal or perineal area. Always wipe from front to back (be sure to remember this). To ease discomfort while sitting, use a doughnut-shaped pillow.

While some discomfort is common as the stitching or tear heals, an abrupt rise in pain is not indicative of a healthy healing process. One indication that the area might be affected is this.

After giving birth, some women can develop other infections such vaginal, kidney, or urine infections.

Ø  When to consult a physician

·       Increased discomfort

·        Fever

·        Redness

·        warmth to the touch

·       Discharge pain

·        Pain when peeing is all indication of infection.

The usual course of therapy for infections is a straightforward course of antibiotics when they are discovered early.

However, if an infection worsens, you might need more intensive care or a stay in the hospital. Therefore, it's imperative to call your doctor right away if you think you could have an infection.

 Constipation or incontinence

It's not fun for anyone — but it's also completely natural — to sneeze and pee your pants in the baby section of Target. Contrary to popular belief, urinary incontinence is more frequent right after childbirth. Although it's not harmful, this difficulty can nonetheless be uncomfortable, embarrassing, and inconvenient.

Sometimes a straightforward home exercise programme, like Kegels, can solve the problem. If your condition is more severe, you could require medical attention to obtain relief.

Additionally, you can have faecal incontinence, possibly as a result of birth trauma or weak muscles. Rest assured that over time, this will also probably get better. Wearing pads or menstruation underwear in the interim may be beneficial.

While being unable to control one's urge to urinate may be a problem, being unable to do so is another. You may get constipation and haemorrhoids starting with the first stool after delivery.

Maintaining hydration and making dietary changes may be helpful. Haemorrhoids can also be treated with lotions or pads. Before using any laxatives or other drugs, see your doctor.

When to consult a physician

·       In the days and weeks following childbirth, many women will notice that urine or faecal incontinence drastically lessens. If not, your doctor could have some recommendations for pelvic floor strengthening activities.

·       You could require additional medical or surgical care in specific circumstances.

·       The same is true for haemorrhoids or constipation. Your doctor might be able to recommend additional therapies to alleviate the issue if they persist as a problem in the weeks following delivery or if your symptoms worsen.


Breast ache

Breast soreness and discomfort are typical postpartum consequences, whether you decide to breastfeed or not. Approximately 3 to 5 days after giving birth, when your milk starts to come in, you could have severe breast enlargement and discomfort.

It could be difficult for you to obtain relief from engorgement pain if you aren't breastfeeding. Pains may be reduced by applying hot or cold compresses, taking over-the-counter painkillers, and taking warm showers.

As you and your baby learn how to latch and nurse, you can also suffer nipple pain and discomfort if you decide to breastfeed.

But it shouldn't be painful to breastfeed anymore. Visit a lactation consultant for advice on how to help your baby latch in a pain-free manner if your nipples start to break and leak.

In the early stages of milk production, whether you decide to breastfeed or not, you may be at risk for mastitis – and later on, if you do. Mastitis is a painful breast infection that is typically simple to treat with medications.

Ø  When to consult a physician

Symptoms of mastitis include:

·       the colour of one's breasts

·       the touch fever and flu-like symptoms to the breast feeling warm or hot

·       It's vital to continue breastfeeding while simultaneously contacting your doctor if you have these symptoms. Antibiotics may be necessary to treat mastitis.


v Postpartum depression

In the weeks following delivery, it's natural to experience some ups and downs or feel more emotional than usual. Most women suffer the "baby blues" in some way.

However, if these feelings persist for more than a few weeks or make it difficult for you to care for your infant, it could be a sign of postpartum depression.

Even though postpartum depression might feel incredibly difficult, it is manageable and doesn't have to make you feel guilty or ashamed. Many women who seek treatment feel better quite soon after they start.

  When to consult a physician

·       Visit your doctor as soon as possible if you or your spouse are concerned that you may be suffering from postpartum depression. To receive the support you need, be open and truthful about your emotions.

Ø  Other problems

·       Other dangerous, less frequent consequences after childbirth must be attended to right away for your health and safety.

·       Following childbirth, some difficulties that may affect women include:

o   occurrences related to sepsis in the heart

o   stroke from deep vein thrombosis embolism

 When to consult a physician

·       Always call your doctor if you experience: chest pain difficulty breathing seizures thoughts about killing yourself or your child

·       Fever, a headache that won't go away, especially with blurred vision a red or swollen leg that is warm to the touch bleeding through a pad in an hour or less or huge, egg-sized clots

You'll probably experience some pain and weariness while caring for your newborn. It's crucial to contact your doctor if you notice any symptoms or telltale signals that anything may be wrong with your health. The majority of postpartum check-ups take place up to 6 weeks after birth. But before that appointment, you shouldn't delay to address any problems you're having. Most postpartum issues can be resolved. By taking care of the problems, you can concentrate once more on your child and feel assured that you are doing everything in your power to ensure both their and your wellbeing.

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