How in Diabetes, the virus in pregnancy, and post-syndrome-COVID-19 roundup?

How in Diabetes, the virus in pregnancy, and post-syndrome-COVID-19 roundup?


The current scientific research on the coronavirus reveals that diabetes may increase the risk of lengthy COVID-19, that COVID-19 exposure when pregnant is connected to concerns with baby brain development, and that post-COVID-19 syndrome in children is unusual.

Diabetes may raise the risk of COVID-19 in the long run

According to a new analysis of seven prior studies, diabetes may increase the chance of extended COVID-19.

Researchers looked at studies that followed participants for at least four weeks after they recovered from COVID-19 to determine who got long-term effects like cognitive fog, skin issues, sadness, and shortness of breath. According to a presentation made on Sunday at the American Diabetes Association's annual Scientific Sessions, people with diabetes are up to four times more likely than people without diabetes to have lengthy COVID-19. Diabetes appears to be "a potent risk factor" for long COVID-19, according to the researchers, but their findings are preliminary because the studies used different methods, definitions of long COVID-19, and follow-up times, and some looked at hospitalized patients while others looked at people with milder COVID-19 cases.

The researchers concluded that "further high-quality studies across diverse demographics and settings are needed to ascertain if diabetes is actually a risk factor" for extended COVID-19. In the meantime, after COVID-19, "careful monitoring of patients with diabetes may be advocated."

COVID-19 levels in the womb are linked to children's learning abilities

Researchers have discovered that babies born to moms who have COVID-19 while pregnant have a higher-than-average risk of learning, focusing, remembering, and developing social skills issues.

They looked at 7,772 babies born in Massachusetts between March and September 2020 and followed them up until they were 12 months old. During that time, 14.4% of the babies born to the 222 women who tested positive for the coronavirus during pregnancy were diagnosed with a neurodevelopmental disability, compared to 8.7% of babies delivered to moms who avoided the virus while pregnant. SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy was connected to an 86 percent increased risk of a neurodevelopmental disorder diagnosis in children after accounting for other neurodevelopmental risk factors such as preterm delivery, the researchers reported on Thursday in JAMA Network Open. When the infection occurred in the third trimester, the risk was more than doubled.

The researchers emphasize that their study was limited in scope, and they cannot rule out the chance that further neurological impacts would emerge as the youngsters grow older. Larger and more rigorous investigations, on the other hand, are needed to rule out other possible causes and prove that the coronavirus is to blame, scientists say.

Children's post-COVID-19 condition is becoming less common

According to a new study, the rare but life-threatening inflammatory condition seen in some children following a coronavirus infection has become increasingly rarer, with the omicron version producing the majority of infections and more children vaccinated.

Researchers looked at data from almost half a million children and adolescents in Denmark who were infected after omicron became prevalent, with about half of them developing breakthrough infections following immunization. After a moderate or asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection, only one vaccinated child and 11 unprotected children developed Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C), which involves inflammation in the heart, lungs, kidneys, and brain. According to the researchers, 34.9 MIS-C cases per million unvaccinated children with COVID-19 and 3.7 cases per million vaccinated young COVID-19 patients correspond to rates of 34.9 MIS-C cases per million unvaccinated children with COVID-19 and 3.7 cases per million vaccinated young COVID-19 patients. They noted that when delta was prominent, the rate of MIS-C infections was 290.7 per million unprotected infected youngsters and 101.5 per million among the vaccinated who had COVID-19.

The fact that vaccinated youngsters had a lower risk of MIS-C shows that the vaccination is preventing the immune system from triggering the lethal inflammatory reaction that is a characteristic of MIS-C, according to the researchers. 

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