Does infertility cause mental illness?

 Does infertility cause mental illness?

We defined infertility as the inability to procreate or carry or deliver a baby naturally. Most specialists describe infertility as being unable to get pregnant after having tried for at least one year. The relationship between infertility and psychological stress is complex. 

On the one hand, infertile couples are subject to greater stress and have a greater risk of developing psychological disorders compared to normal couples. They have shown high levels of psychological distress to increase infertility.

 Therefore, in the present review, the major factors that may lead to increased stress in couples who try to conceive, psychological stress as the reason for infertility, and the therapies that can help decrease psychological distress and increase chances of pregnancy are underlined.

 Besides the psychological side effects that may occur from infertility hormones and drugs used to treat infertility can cause it. 

Problems during erection and ejaculation can cause psychological distress, which can lead to infertility among men. 

The Rustic Relationship

We defined infertility as the inability to naturally conceive and give birth to a baby. Most experts explain ‌they cannot get pregnant after trying infertility for at least a year. It also considered women who can become pregnant but have repeated miscarriages in infertility. The World Health Organization's definition of infertility refers to the 24-month period in which a pregnancy is attempted.

Infertility affects about 10-15% of couples of childbearing. The proportion of couples seeking fertility treatment has skyrocketed in recent years because of factors such as delayed childbirth of women. 

The relationship between infertility and psychological stress is complex. Previous studies have suggested that infertile couples experience higher levels of stress and are at an increased risk of developing mental illness compared to healthy couples. 

On the other hand, it has shown high levels of psychological distress to increase infertility. Therefore, in this review, to reduce and increase the likelihood of pregnancy.

The Psychological of stress

Infertility can cause psychological stress, psychological distress, and financial difficulties for both partners. Typical reactions to infertility include shock, sadness, depression, anger and frustration, loss of self-esteem and self-confidence, and loss of general control.

Infertility is not a life-threatening problem, but a stressful life experience for couples. The burden of infertility may be because of the importance of having children in the public.

In addition, infertility couples often hide their feelings, thoughts, and beliefs because they still consider infertility a private issue. Therefore, infertile couples can face social pressure. 

In addition, personal relationships with partners, friends, and family can be compromised. This family and friends may have meaningful views and suggestions that can cause further distress. 

Therefore, couples with infertility problems may limit their social interactions, especially with pregnant women and friends with children.

In addition, infertility can adversely affect a person's self-esteem. For example, a study of the Jordanian population aims to investigate the impact of rural women's experiences on infertility . 

Effects From the Meds

Besides the psychological side effects that may result from infertility itself, the hormones and medications used to treat infertility can cause many other side effects. 

For example, the synthetic estrogen clomiphene citrate (Clomid, cellophane) is commonly prescribed to improve ovulation and increase sperm production and can cause anxiety, sleep disorders, and hypersensitivity in women. 

It is important to note that they have not reported these side effects in men. Other fertility drugs can cause problems such as depression, mania, irritability, and poor concentration. 

For example, letrozole, an estrogen receptor blocker, can cause a variety of side effects such as severe headaches, dizziness, malaise, insomnia, breast pain, or an abnormal menstrual cycle.

The financial fiasco

Few countries in the world offer fertility insurance. The range of treatment varies and is not 100% effective. Therefore, the cost of treating infertility is very high. For example, the average cost of an in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle using fresh embryos is $ 8,158, and $ 3,000 to $ 5,000 per cycle adds fertility drugs.

Failure to seek professional treatment can lead to helplessness and hopelessness for couples who have no means of insurance or payment for treatment. Even the insured may find that the out-of-pocket cost is too high or the coverage is limited.

Facts and figures

Infertility treatment only helps about 50% of patients become parents, and this probability of achieving pregnancy decreases with age. Patients with successful IVF procedures can be a hope, but they also experience new types of emotional and psychological stress during pregnancy and after childbirth. 

For example, a woman who has experienced many miscarriages may be worried about her ability to give birth. 

Can Psychological factors affect fertility?


Doctors have already established that the causes of infertility in both males and females are common. Factors that cause infertility extend not only to medical factors but also to psychological variables. Emotional stress in women can manifest itself in tubular spasms, lethargy, and vaginismus. 

In addition, women can unintentionally refrain from having sexual intercourse during ovulation. Women with infertility share many psychological similarities. 

Most women will become pregnant and express their hopes verbally, but they can hide their negative opinions and fears about pregnancy. Pregnancy, childbirth, or maternity can cause these fears. Change.


In contrast, impotence with erection and ejaculation can be a major cause of psychological problems that can lead to male infertility. 

These problems can appear at birth or later in life. In addition, transient impotence can occur in the majority of men at any point in life. 

In most cases, psychological triggers trigger impotence, and in particular, previous psychological trauma, eating disorders, and overprotective and overprotective mothers are one of the major psychological variables that can lead to impotence. 

Diagnosing infertility can be an overwhelming burden for couples. This diagnosis can lead to serious mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. 

Therefore, it is necessary to provide counseling and support to the couple while receiving fertility treatment. Psychological interventions in couples experiencing Infertility.

Therefore, the psychological effects of infertility can be significant, but with proper intervention, we ask most patients whether the individual becomes the parent of the biological child or adopts the child. It helps to achieve some solutions, such as choosing not to have children.


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