What are some of the new technologies used to treat infertility?

 What are some of the new technologies used to treat infertility?


Pregnancy is an elusive and frustrating dream for one in eight American couples suffering from fertility problems.

But if you seek medical help early rather than later, the odds have never improved. Infertility treatment has improved, options have expanded, and physicians are proficient in the technique. They did earlier assessments than in the last few years and tend towards more aggressive treatment, especially if the hopeful mother is older.

“Success rates have improved dramatically over the last decade,” said Mousa Shamonki, MD, director of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and reproductive endocrinologists at the University of California, Los Angeles. He says the average success rate of childbirth in fertility clinics has nearly doubled in the last decade.

According to the CDC, in 2003, over 48,000 babies were born in the United States because of assisted reproductive technology (ART). This is over 2,000 amount to 2002 and over 7,000 in 2001.

Be an early bird

“Regular couples [who can’t conceive] are advised by their own family contributors, ‘simply relax and take a vacation, you will get pregnant,’’’ says Eric Surrey, MD, former president of the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) and a fertility expert in Denver.

That won’t work for couples with underlying fertility issues, he says. And eventually, looking for scientific help is wiser than persisting on their own.

If a female is below age 39 and has been attempting to conceive for a year without success, it’s a good time to search for scientific help, says Surrey. He says that if she is over 39, we must finish the assessment after six months of looking to conceive without fulfillment.

What is cryopreservation?

Egg freezing, known as cryopreservation or vitrification, involves storing unfertilized eggs at freezing temperatures for future use. The reason may be genetic, the result of a medical condition, or simply the desire to preserve the egg for future use. Most women who undergo egg freezing are about 35 years old.

 We can do egg freezing up to the age of 20, but steps may not be necessary because of the fertility of 10 to 15 years ahead. Natural conception can still occur. Currently, there is no time limit for egg freezing. 

There are even reports of successful pregnancies after freezing eggs for over 15 years.

Donor eggs

Donor eggs are another option, especially for older women, says Ringler. He is worried about the idea that many women use another woman’s egg, but “they have to accept themselves,” he says. Their desire to have a baby often overcomes genetics, he says. “If a woman is 43 years or older, the donor egg is the most realistic [approach],” agrees

Ori. “No patient is over 45 years old who has successfully used his eggs,” he says of a woman coming to a Florida clinic.

Shamonki says that a technique called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has made a dramatic difference in infertility because of the “male factor” problem. They injected a single sperm into the egg. “The routine use of ICSI, commonly used for male infertility, has improved results,” he says. He estimates malefactors are the only cause of infertility, with about 20% of cases and up to 40% of infertile couples having multiple causes.

What is Uterine transplant/Artificial Insemination?

The first successful pregnancy after the transplant took place in Sweden in October 2014. They transplanted the uterus from a living donor. In the United States, the first reported post-mortem donors that resulted in a positive pregnancy occurred. Thanks to a handful of successful pregnancies, uterine transplants are becoming a viable option. Uterus transplantation is not possible without the skills to perform gene matching and assist in surgical procedures.

In artificial insemination, we insert sperm into the female cervix / fallopian tubes. The timing of the procedure is important because the window from egg release is only 12 hours. AI is rarely just sperm insertion. AI may include procedures such as ovulation tracking, ultrasound, and fertility drugs. The combination of reproductive practices guarantees a higher probability of success. AI technologies include intrauterine insemination (ICI), intrauterine insemination (IUI), intrauterine tubular peritoneal insemination (IUTPI), and intratubular insemination (ITI).

IVF or in vitro fertilization is a technique used to help women become pregnant. It fertilized human egg cells with sperm in the laboratory.

IVF is used to treat infertility and some genetic problems


What happens during the IVF process?

 In IVF, the egg is removed from the female ovary and fertilized in the laboratory with sperm from a partner or donor.

One or two embryos (fertilized eggs) are implanted in the female uterus (uterus).

The typical stages of the

IVF cycle is:

  • Daily injections or nasal drops block a woman’s natural menstrual cycle.

  • Women receive injections of birth hormones to stimulate the ovaries to lay multiple eggs instead of one.

  • When the oocyte matures, they collected it with a fine needle induced by ultrasound under light sedation.

  • The fertilized eggs in the laboratory with sperm from a female partner or donor.

  • Fertilized eggs (embryos) are cultured in an incubator for several days.

We transplanted one or two healthy embryos into the female uterus by inserting a thin tube into the vagina and cervix. When the embryo is successfully transplanted, the woman becomes pregnant. She has to wait two weeks for her pregnancy test.

The remaining healthy embryos can be frozen and stored for later use if needed.

What is ART?

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) includes in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), and frozen embryo transfer (FET). These methods also apply to the donation of oocytes and pregnancy carriers. IVF-ET performs about 99 percent of ART cycles. IVF-ET has helped many couples to conceive. They may recommend Art when other therapies (such as intrauterine insemination) have failed or if there is infertility, severe endometriosis, or obstruction of the tube.

The bottom line

The problem of infertility in modern society is increasing, and simpler methods do not help everyone. They have been ineffective for couples, and after new technologies are booming, They need to be discontinued before much time, energy, emotions, and money goes into the drain on the old-fashioned approach.

Improvements in new technologies for in vitro fertilization, GIFT, ICSI, and intracytoplasmic sperm injection can solve seemingly difficult infertility and make most people pregnant. In addition, simple infertility problems can be solved more quickly. However, if you don’t know how this new technology works, you probably won’t be able to take advantage of it.

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