What is women's commission?

 What is women's commission?

The National Commission for Women has been established with a core purpose to help women of India earn a good likelihood and equality in all areas of life through the help of constitutional & legal amendments. Women have been under the trap of violence for ages now. Such Violence against Women has been considered the primary violation of all the rights of a human being across the world, classes, cultures, nations, and societies. The women's commission body primarily deals with giving a full stop to such infringements of the human fundamental right. 

Women across the countries go through unseen, unheard, and untold problems that became the major point of concern for the governmental bodies and other authorities. Our government has made various commissions in the last few years to promote women's welfare. Various commission reports suggest that it's important to set up an apex body to study and communicate women's grievances. Many discussions gave birth to the National Commission for Women Bill, 1990 which was integrated into the Lok Sabha on 22nd May 1990.

In this article, you are going to get well versed in the idea of women's commission in India. 

What is a women's commission?

The National Commission for Women was set up by the central government of India in 1992. The women's commission is being set up under the guidance of the National Commission for Women Act, 1990. The women's commission body has been inaugurated to evaluate the legal & constitutional safeguards rights of Indian women. This body also suggests all the relevant remedial legislative measures, facilitates redressal of grievances, and instructs the Indian government regarding each policy matter that is taking a toll on women. Moreover, it has the right to take the full privilege of the powers possessed by a civil court.

The first commission was composed on 31st January 1992 having a chairperson named Jayanti Patnaik. The first ever male member to participate in the NCW - National Commission for Women is Alok Rawat IAS. The 4th seat got filled among the five-member body after his appointment into the team. The most recent chairperson of NCW -  National Commission for Women is Ms. Rekha Sharma. This renowned personality came as an alternative and replacement to another renowned personality named Lalitha Kumaramangalam in September 2018.

What is the Composition of the National Commission for Women?

The Composition of the National Commission for Women has the following members - 

  1. Chairperson: The chairperson gets elected & nominated by the central government of India. 

  1. Five members: The central government is also responsible for nominating the five members. These five members should be people of integrity, ability, standing, etc. These guys are expected to have a good amount of knowledge about varied subjects like the potential of women, law, social good-being, legislation, trade unionism, women’s voluntary organization, education, administration,  management of industry, and economic development. 

  1. Member Secretary: The member Secretary also gets nominated by the central government. The secretary must be an educated person in the field of officer, organization, and management, in which he is working out. 

Functions of the National Commission for Women

Here are the top five functions of the national commission for women - 

  1. Investigation and Examination: the National Commission of Women gets benefited from a lot of rights & power of a civil court. They investigate, access, and examine the problems and safety in society. 

  1. Presentation of Reports: The reports concerning the rights of women are presented and provided to the central government. It's done every year but it might take place at other times too. The report generally comprises the overall status and working scenarios of those safeguards made for women.  

  1. Recommendation: The recommendations and feedback are provided to implement all the rights and provisions in the name of the law for the welfare of women. Its overall motive is to enhance and uplift the existing conditions of women in the state and union government. 

  1. Review: The detailed review takes place over the existing provisions of the Constitution along with other laws concerning the welfare of women.  

  1. Violation cases: All these cases are related to the breach of the provisions of the Constitution as well as the additional laws that are associated with women having certain authorities.

  1. Suo Moto Notice: It takes a detailed note of all the complaints made by women & workers in matters that are related to the Non implementation of the laws, as well as the Non compliance with policy decisions. 

  1. In-Depth Studies & investigation: Here, various studies and investigations take place to understand the problems faced by women that are happening from the outrages against women. 

  1. Research: The members of the National Commission of Women also become active members of the socio-economic development of women. They review women's status and promote their active participation in the overall sphere of life. 

  1. All round participation: Women should be able to actively participate in all areas of life. She should get an equal opportunity in the decision-making process as we gave to men in India. 

  1. Evaluation: This step examines and assesses the overall development of a woman in society, union, and state places. 

  1. Inspection: Investigate all the measures related to jail to the other concerns where women are put across as detainees. 

  1. Funding: It comprises funding litigation and associated problems that badly dominate the huge number of women.

  1. Reporting: The periodical basis reports are designed for the women on all the issues related to the welfare of the women. 

Key Takeaways

The overall motive behind making the national women's commission of India is to promote equality & equal rights for the women of India. This way, they are expected to equally participate in all spheres of life. With the help of the women's commission, the women are conserving their due entitlements and rights with the help of adequate implementation of schemes/policies, policy formulation, effective enforcement of laws, devising strategies, and legislative measures. It is helpful to provide remedies for the distinctive difficulties and circumstances that are taking place from the frightfulness & discrimination against Indian women. 



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