What is the Cause for Poor Mental Health?

Mental illness, also known as mental health disorders, encompasses a broad range of disorders that affect your mood, thinking, and behaviour. Depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders, and addictive behaviour are all examples of mental illness. Many people suffer from mental health issues at times. When persistent signs and symptoms cause frequent stress and impair your ability to function, a mental health concern becomes a mental illness.

Depending on the disorder, conditions, and other factors, the signs and symptoms of mental illness can vary. Emotions, feelings, and actions may all be affected by mental illness.




 

Symptoms for Poor Mental Health:


• Sad or depressed feeling
• Confusion in perception or a loss of concentration
• Excessive worries or fears, as well as intense guilt feelings
• Acute mood swings with extreme highs and lows
• Friendships and events are being cut off.
• Significant exhaustion, a lack of resources, or problems slumber
• Detachment from fact (delusions), hysteria, or hallucinations are all examples of delusions.
• Incapability to deal with day-to-day issues or tension
• Had difficulty grasping and responding to circumstances and individuals
• Alcohol or substance abuse problems
• Significant alterations in eating habits
• Sex motivation shifts
• Rage, aggression, or abuse in excess
• Suicidal ideation
Physical ailments, such as abdominal pain, back pain, headaches, or other unexplained aches and pains, may also be signs of a mental health condition.
Consult your primary care physician or a mental health professional if you have any signs or symptoms of a mental disorder. Most mental disorders do not heal on their own, and if left untreated, they will worsen with time and lead to severe consequences.


What is the Cause for Poor Mental Health?


Traits that are passed down over the generations. Mental disorder is more common in people who have a mental illness in their blood relations. Certain genes may increase your risk of mental illness, and your life circumstances may be the catalyst.
Prenatal exposure to the environment. Environmental stressors, inflammatory factors, chemicals, alcohol, and medications may all be related to mental illness while in the womb.
The chemistry of the brain. Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals that bring messages to other parts of the brain and body. The role of nerve receptors and nerve systems changes as neural networks containing these chemicals are disrupted, leading to depression and other emotional disorders.


Risks involved:


The following considerations can increase your chances of developing a mental illness:
A blood relative, such as a parent or sibling, has a chronicle of mental illness.
Financial difficulties, the loss of a beloved, or a divorce are all stressful life events.
Diabetes is an example of a long-term (chronic) medical condition.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when the brain is broken as a results of a serious injury, like a severe blow to the top . Traumatic events, such as military action or robbery, may also cause brain damage.
Consumption of alcoholic beverages or recreational substances
A history of violence or neglect as an infant

There aren't many mates, and there aren't many stable relationships.


A history of mental disorder:


Mental disorder is a natural occurrence. In any given year, around 1 in 5 adults suffers from a mental disorder. Mental illness may start at any age, from childhood to later adulthood, but the majority of cases start earlier. It may have short-term or long-term consequences and you may also have several mental health issues at the same time. You could, for example, be depressed and have a drug abuse problem.


Complications:
Mental disorder is one among the foremost common causes of disability. Mental disorder that goes untreated can cause serious cognitive, behavioural, and physical health issues. The following are some of the complications that can occur as a result of mental illness:


• Unhappiness and a diminished sense of pleasure in life
• Conflicts in the family
• Problems in relationships
• Problems with cigarettes, alcohol, and other drugs cause social isolation.
• Job or school time off, as well as other work or school-related issues
• Problems with the law and money
• Homelessness and poverty
• Suicide or murder are examples of self-harm and harm to others.
• Your immune system is weakened, making it difficult for your body to fight infections.
• Some medical problems, such as heart disease

 

Precaution or Solution to improve Mental Health:

Avoid self-condemnation and treat yourself with compassion and consideration. Make time for your favourite projects and hobbies, or widen your horizons. Do a frequent crossword puzzle, start a garden, learn to dance, learn to play an instrument, or learn a new language.

  • Consume healthy foods.
  • Smoking and vaping should be avoided.
  • Make sure you get enough of water.
  • Exercise can aid in the reduction of depression and anxiety as well as the improvement of moods.
  • Make sure you get enough rest. Sleep deprivation is thought to play a role in the high incidence of depression among college students, according to researchers
  • Stress is a fact of life, whether you like it or not. Try One-Minute Stress Plans, Tai Chi, exercise, go for a walk in the woods, play with your cat, or try journal writing as a stress reliever. Often, try to smile and laugh at yourself. Meditation, mindfulness, and/or prayer are also good options. Moderation exercises and prayer will help you feel better about yourself and your life.
  • Break up the monotony: While our routines help us be more productive and give us a sense of stability and protection, a change of pace will help to liven up a dull schedule. Change up your jogging path, go for a road trip, go for a walk in a new park, hang some new art, or try a new restaurant.
  • Seeking assistance is a sign of strength, not a sign of weakness. It's also important to note that therapy works. People with mental illnesses and addictions will recover and live full, fulfilling lives if they receive the proper treatment.

Statistics:

At least 10% of the world's population is thought to be affected, with 20% of children and adolescents suffering from some type of mental illness. The number of people suffering from mental illness increases to one in every five people in countries affected by fragility, conflict, and abuse (22.1%). 

Depression and anxiety cost the global economy around $1 trillion in lost production per year. Globally, mental, neurological, and drug use disorders are estimated to cost $2.5-8.5 trillion in lost economic activity, a number that is expected to nearly double by 2030.

It should come as no surprise that a country's mental wellbeing correlates favourably with its economic development. According to projections, India will suffer huge economic losses as a result of mental health issues. As of 2015, more than 322.48 million people worldwide suffer from some kind of depressive illness, and as of 2017, more than 14 percent of India's total population suffers from mental disorders. In India, older adult females account for the bulk of this share.

Over 100 small business owners in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, for example, underwent five weeks of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy instruction. In comparison to a sample of entrepreneurs who did not undergo the intervention, the intervention not only helped participants minimise the severity and frequency of depression and anxiety symptoms, but it also led to higher levels of well-being. accounts for 30% of non-fatal disease burden and 10% of total disease burden worldwide, including death and disability. MNS has an important, underappreciated, and often overlooked effect on the social and economic well-being of individuals, communities, and societies.

In Afghanistan, more than 2.2 million people received mental health services in 2018, compared to less than half a million in 2009. The World Bank's emergency health programmes in Yemen provided mental health and trauma treatment throughout the region. In the Horn of Africa, the World Bank funded counselling for Somali women and children who had been victims of gender-based and sexual abuse as part of a primary care package for those living in Kenyan and Ethiopian refugee camps.

In India, the prevalence of all mental health conditions among adult females was 14.4% in 2017. Idiopathic developmental intellectual impairment, accompanied by depressive disorders, and anxiety disorders, had the highest prevalence of all psychiatric disorders, with 4.3, 3.9, and 3.9 percent of female adults suffering from these disorders, respectively. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia, on the other hand, have the lowest percentages.

According to National Institute of Mental Health (NIH) The prevalence of AMI in adults in the United States during the last year In the United States, there were an estimated 51.5 million adults aged 18 and older with AMI in 2019. This equated to 20.6 percent of all adults in the United States.

Females (24.5 percent) had a higher prevalence of AMI than males (16.3%)

The prevalence of AMI was highest among young adults aged 18-25 years (29.4%), followed by adults aged 26-49 years (25.0%), and those aged 50 and older (25.0%). (14.1%).

Adults who reported two or more races had the highest prevalence of AMI (31.7%), followed by White adults (22.2%). Asian adults had the lowest prevalence of AMI (14.4%).

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Age wise approach:

Adolescence (10-19 years) is a special and formative period in one's life. Adolescents can be vulnerable to mental health issues due to a variety of physical, cognitive, and social changes, such as poverty, abuse, or crime. Globally, an estimated 10-20% of teenagers have mental health issues, but they are underdiagnosed and undertreated. Depression is the fourth most common cause of illness and impairment in teenagers aged 15 to 19, and the fifteenth in those aged 10 to 14. Anxiety is the ninth leading cause of death among teenagers aged 15 to 19, and the sixth among those aged 10 to 14. Emotional conditions may have a significant impact on schoolwork and attendance.

Many health-related risk-taking behaviours, such as drug abuse or sexual risk-taking, begin in adolescence. Risk-taking behaviours can be a harmful way to deal with poor mental wellbeing and have a negative effect on an adolescent's mental and physical health.


In 2016, the global prevalence of heavy episodic drinking among teenagers aged 15 to 19 years was 13.6 percent, with males being the most vulnerable.


Tobacco and cannabis use are both causes for concern. Cannabis is the most commonly used drug by teenagers, with approximately 4.7 percent of those aged 15 to 16 using it at least once in 2018. Many adult smokers start smoking before they reach the age of 18.


References: 

GBD Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Compare and contrast data visualisation.
https://gbd-compare.vizhub.healthdata.org/ On the 24th of July, 2019, I was able to get a hold of some details.
The World Health Organization's Mental Health Action Plan for 2013–2020. 
Geneva: World Health Organization. Year 2013
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare- Government of India.
India's national mental health agenda, "New Pathways, New Hope. 20 percent 281 percent 29.pdf https://mohfw.gov.in/sites/default/files/34711242651412939786. Year: 2014
Ministry of Justice and Law- Government of INDIA. The Mental Healthcare Act of 2017 was enacted in 2017. www.prsindia.org/uploads/media/Mental% 20Health/Mental% 20Healthcare% 20Act,% 202017.pdf. Year: 2017
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