What Increases Your Risk for Bone Fractures and Osteoporosis?

What Increases Your Risk for Bone Fractures and Osteoporosis?

What Increases Your Risk for Bone Fractures and Osteoporosis?_ichhori.com

Hey Ladies, we are back with yet another list of risk factors that increase the risk of bone fractures and Osteoporosis. As we all know, earlier we used hardly think about our bones or bone health, if we frequently had bone fractures then we used to think it is all because we had brittle bones, at the same time, with time if we had weak bones then the reason used to be that it is all happening because of old age but my dear ladies times have now changed and this the time when we have answers for everything that happens as well as their precautions.

And that is the very reason why today we going to look at what are the reasons that increase your risk for bone fractures and Osteoporosis.

“Just in case you are still confused Magnesium not Calcium is the Key to Healthy Bones” – Anonymous

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis, literally meaning “porous bone,” is a disease that causes the inner lining of the bones to be so small that even falling or crashing into a car or furniture can cause fractures. Fractures can occur anywhere in your skeletal system, but fractures of the wrist, hip, and spine are among the most common.

Osteoporosis affects men and women of all races. But white and Asian women, especially older women who are past menopause, are at greater risk. Medications, a healthy diet, and exercise can help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weakened bones.

What is Bone Fracture?

Bone fractures, commonly referred to as fractures, occur with millions of people worldwide each year. Often caused by sports injuries, car accidents, or falls, these painful injuries take time to heal. Your healthcare provider has a few options for treating fractures.

If you have a broken bone, health care providers call it a bone fracture. This break changes the shape of the bone. These breaks may be straight to the bone or its length. A fracture can split a bone in two or leave several pieces.

Who gets bone fractures?

Although the bones are very strong, they can break. Usually, a fracture occurs because the bone runs in a strong force (thrown forward in a car accident, by us). Also, repetitive force - such as running - can break a bone. Healthcare providers call these types of injuries separate depression.

Another cause of fracture is osteoporosis, which weakens bones as you grow older. It is a serious condition, so older adults should talk to their healthcare provider about their risks.

Things that increase your risk for bone fractures and osteoporosis:

Your bones are constantly renewed, new bone is being formed, and old bones are being broken. When you are young, your body makes new bone faster than it breaks an old bone, and your bone mass increases. After the 20s the process is slow, and most people reach their maximum bone mass by 30 years. As people get older, bone mass is lost faster than it was created.

How likely you are to have osteoporosis depends on how many bones you have acquired in your youth. The maximum bone mass is partially achieved and varies by group. If you are too high, your bone grows "in the bank" and you are less likely to have osteoporosis as you grow older.

Certain medical conditions can threaten bone strength directly or indirectly with medication and other treatments. These include thyroid or parathyroid gland, chronic lung disease, cancer, endometriosis, vitamin D deficiency, and medications such as prednisone.

Many factors can increase the risk of osteoporosis - including your age, race, lifestyle choices, and medical conditions.

  • Age - Your bone strength is up to 30 years old. After that, you will begin to lose weight. So this is an additional reason to do strength training and exercise - and make sure you get enough calcium and vitamin D in your diet - to keep your bones as strong as possible as you grow older.
  • Gender - Women over the age of 50 are the most likely to develop osteoporosis. This condition can occur 4 times more often in women than in men. The bones of women who are light, thin, and long live are part of the reason for their high risk. Men can get osteoporosis, too - rarely.
  • Family history - If your parents or grandparents have arthritis or any other symptoms of osteoporosis, such as a broken hip after a small fall, you may be more likely to get it, too.
  • Nationality - Studies show that Caucasian and Asian women are more likely to develop osteoporosis than women of other races. Hip fractures are also twice as likely to occur in Caucasian women as in African-American women.
  • Certain diseases - Some diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, increase the risk of developing osteoporosis.

Irreversible risks:

Other risk factors for osteoporosis and bone fractures are beyond your control, including:

  • Your gender - Women are more likely to have osteoporosis than men. 
  • Age - As you grow older, you are more likely to develop osteoporosis.
  • Race - You are at greater risk of osteoporosis if you are white or of Asian descent. 
  • Family history - Having a parent with a sibling who has arthritis puts you at greater risk, especially if your mom or dad has a broken hip.
  • Body frame size - Men and women with smaller body frames are more likely to be at risk because they may have less bone mass to produce as they grow older.

·         A diet low in calcium, vitamin D, potassium or protein

  •          Inactivity
  •          Smoking
  •         Alcohol abuse

·   Long-term use of drugs such as glucocorticoids (such as prednisone for asthma or rheumatoid arthritis), other anti-shock drugs, and overuse of aluminum antacids.

·   An eating disorder that reduces your body weight

·   Low levels of estrogen (female) or testosterone (male)

Apart from the above-mentioned risk factors, Hormones also play an important role in life where one can get osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis is more common in people who have too many or too few hormones in their bodies. Examples include:

  • Sexual hormones - Reduced sex hormone levels often make bones weaker. Decreased estrogen levels in women during menopause are one of the most dangerous factors in developing osteoporosis. Prostate cancer treatment that lowers testosterone levels in men and breast cancer treatment that lowers estrogen levels in women may accelerate bone loss.
  • Thyroid problems -Too much thyroid hormone can cause bone loss. This can happen if your thyroid is overworked or if you are taking too many thyroid hormones to treat an underactive thyroid gland.
  • Other glands - Osteoporosis is also associated with parathyroid paralysis and adrenal glands.

Now, all the above-mentioned things sum up what increases your risk for bone fractures and osteoporosis. But this also makes us come to the conclusion that there are many reasons because of which we might get bone fractures and osteoporosis and those can’t be changed like medical conditions, hormones and so on but there is also the thing which is in our control like leading a healthy life, not consuming much alcohol, smoking and so on. Thus, my dear friends make sure to do whatever is in your hands to keep your bones in shape and healthy.

Ref: Osteoporosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Osteoporosis: What You Need to Know as You Age | Johns Hopkins Medicine
Bone Fractures: Types, Treatment & Symptoms (clevelandclinic.org)
Osteoporosis Risk Factors: Are You At Risk? (webmd.com)


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