What are the 5 types of dementia?

 What are the five types of dementia?

According to research, there are more than 10 million cases of dementia every year. Dementia is not a single condition but a group of various conditions where two or more brain functions get impaired and start working abnormally. It can be a judgment, memory loss, thinking power, etc. A person dealing with this problem finds it hard to socialize with people & it severely interferes with your daily functioning. Dementia is a chronic illness that doesn't go away within months. In severe cases, it can last for a lifetime. You need to undergo a proper lab test, medical diagnosis, and imaging to understand the depth of your problem. According to this, the doctor starts your treatment that can better your situation but doesn't help to thoroughly rectify it. 

In this article today, you will grab good insights about the 5 different types of dementia and the ways by which you can treat Dementia in Females. 

What are the 5 types of dementia?

Here are the 5 types of dementia -

  1. Frontotemporal dementia: This form of dementia is very rare and is usually seen among those people whose age is below 60 years. It generally takes place due to the abnormal proportion of proteins like TDP-43 and tau. 

  1. Mixed dementia: When two or more types of dementia occur at the same time to you, then it's called mixed dementia. Generally, people are seen with a combination of vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease. 

  1. Alzheimer’s disease: It is the most commonly found disease among dementia people. It's mostly seen in older adults. When the proteins are built up abnormally, then periodic changes occur in the brain of people suffering from this illness. Such unusual buildup of proteins is called tau tangles or amyloid plaques. 

  1. Vascular dementia: This type of dementia takes place when the blood vessels in the brain get injured. Due to this, the flow of oxygen to the brain stops which leads to hampering the blood flow as well. When the brain doesn't receive enough blood, it stops functioning appropriately. 

  1. Lewy body dementia: This form of dementia takes place when the alpha-synuclein protein gets abnormally deposited over the area. We call it the Lewy bodies. 

How to treat Dementia in Females?

If dementia surpasses its normal stage level and touches severe mode, then the available treatments might not be useful for you. The following treatment options have shown some of the best results-

  1. Therapies

The non-drug approaches to treating dementia are useful like the drug treatments - 

  • Modifying the environment: Environmental modification has scientifically proven benefits to better the dementia situation. It helps you by letting you live in a better place with less traffic & other noises. A calm and soothing environment with cleanliness ensures the betterment of the condition of a dementia patient. Also, you need to hide various threatening things like keys, knives, etc for a patient's overall safety. 

  • Simplifying tasks: It is one of the simplest and most direct ways to treat your illness. You need to break the big tasks into small sub-tasks. Make a proper schedule and routine. Wake up each day by working according to it. It will bring the biggest positive shift in your current situation by making it 50 times better. 

  • Occupational therapy: Under this therapy, you learn about coping behaviors and the ways to make your home a safer place to live. You will be treated under the surveillance of an occupational therapist. The therapy helps to prevent accidents and govern the behaviors. 

  1. Medications

There are several drugs available in the market to temporarily better your dementia situation - 

  • Memantine: It is one of the best medicines that works like a charm by overseeing the activity of glutamate. Although, you might feel dizzy for some time after having it. Glutamate is generally a type of chemical messenger inside the brain functions responsible for understanding & memorizing things. The cholinesterase inhibitor is generally advised with this drug.

  • Cholinesterase inhibitors: These help in enhancing the chemical messengers level that is related to making judgments and memory. Medicines like rivastigmine, donepezil, and galantamine work altogether to treat the dementia problem. The disease can lead to various side effects like fainting, diarrhea, nausea, slow heart rate, sleeping disorder, and vomiting. 

  • Other medications: The doctor or your specialist will advise you to take medicine for treating other types of symptoms like hallucinations, depression, parkinsonism, sleeping disorders, and agitation.

  1. Home Remedies

Below home remedies are well known to treat this illness & saving it from worsening - 

  • Use a calendar to keep a track of things like daily activities, upcoming events, etc. 

  • Do some simple yet fun activities with the dementia person. It can be gardening, painting, singing, etc. 

  • Do daily exercise to relieve yourself from cardiovascular health problems, with improved strength. It also enables the impaired brain to get on track within a short period. 

  • Make sure to provide good sleep to dementia people by performing positive rituals. It includes a clean bed, no noise, limiting caffeine intake, night lamp light, etc. 

  • Use eye contact while talking to a person. It will make him feel important, understood, and loved. 

  1. Other therapies

The alternative below can be used as additional support for curtailing agitation among dementia patients.  

  • Use Aromatherapy, where you use fragrant oils for calmness. 

  • Spend time in nature and watch the bird's around. 

  • Go for art therapy. Under this, you make the art and you are much more focused on the art rather than on what consequence it would lead to. 

  • Prefer listening to soothing and calm music. 

Key Takeaways 

There exist various types of dementia. So, it's better to not confuse dementia to be the same problem for every person. Its victims might be facing different types of dementia. But, you need to keep in mind to treat it as soon as you find its symptoms. With the right treatment at the right time, you will be able to overcome this illness & get back to a normal individual. 




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