Beyond Abortion: Here's How Roe V. Wade Overturning Will Affect Reproductive Healthcare


Beyond Abortion: Here's How Roe V. Wade Overturning Will Affect Reproductive Healthcare

Will Overturning affect the reproductive

According to experts, the Supreme Court's decision to overturn Roe v. Wade on Friday might have far-reaching and deadly repercussions for the management of miscarriages and the entire field of reproductive medicine. Many states have already enacted abortion bans.


1. According to experts, many of the techniques and medications used to perform abortions in the U.S. are also essential for healing miscarriages.

2. This implies that access to these treatments for miscarriage is similarly threatened by the legal limits on abortion, combined with the anxiety over being charged with or suspected of aiding one.

3. According to stories from Texas, where patients who are miscarrying are having trouble getting their prescription medication, this may impede medical professionals from providing their patients with the best care possible, Mohapatra cautioned.

4. Abortion training is a requirement for OB/GYN residency programmes (residents with moral or religious objections may opt out; if unavailable, it must be provided at another institution). Widespread abortion prohibitions would significantly restrict where doctors might receive this training.

5. According to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco and UCLA, nearly half of residency programmes are situated in states that are anticipated to outlaw abortion if Roe v. Wade is overturned. If this occurs, "at most 56 per cent" of obstetrics and gynaecology residents are anticipated to have access to abortion training, down from 92 per cent in 2020.

6. Abortion restrictions may affect the states where OB/GYN specialists choose to live, train, and work. They may also make it more difficult for states to attract medical students and residents or to provide them with opportunities to learn outside of their own state.

Important Background

After Roe was overruled, 26 states are likely to restrict abortion, with 13 states currently having "trigger laws" in place that forbid it or will in the near future. Healthcare professionals are concerned about the ambiguously worded legislation and the threshold for when abortion is legal due to the fact that many only have exceptions for life-threatening medical crises or situations when the mother's life is in danger. According to the experts, at least 20 states have introduced bills this year that would restrict or outright ban abortion pills. If Roe is overturned, this could have an impact on miscarriages because two of the drugs that are the focus of medication abortion bans are also used to cause miscarriages. These unexpected repercussions are already being felt in Texas, where reports of pharmacists refusing to fill prescriptions for medications indicated for miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies are being made as a result of the state's restriction on abortion beyond six weeks and on pharmaceutical abortion.


Those who oppose abortion rights have refuted claims that overturning Roe will have a negative effect on maternal healthcare or the capacity of healthcare professionals, asserting that training for performing miscarriages and treating ectopic pregnancies is distinct from that for performing abortions even though some of the same techniques or medications are employed in both cases and that complications are extremely rare. If Roe is overturned, Dr. Ingrid Skop, senior fellow and director of medical affairs at the pro-life Charlotte Lozier Institute, wrote in an email to Forbes that "the ruling will in no way impact the training of OB/GYNs to perform medically necessary procedures or impact our ability as OB/GYNs to treat women for complications resulting from miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy." "Anything else is just scaremongering,"


According to data published in Demography, if abortion were outlawed statewide in the U.S., pregnancy-related mortality would rise by around 7% in the first year and by about 21% in the following years. The impact of a potential surge in unsafe abortions was not taken into account by the study; it solely compared the mortality risk of continuing a pregnancy versus having a legal abortion.


According to Mohapatra, who spoke to Forbes, patients may not immediately notice a difference in the quality of care provided in jurisdictions that forbid abortion. It simply must. Hospital medical staff won't always remark, "We aren't giving you something because of these laws," according to Mohapatra. Simply put, "It won't be offered."


In a case involving Mississippi's 15-week abortion ban and whether or not states can limit the procedure even before a foetus is viable, the Supreme Court overruled Roe v. Wade on Friday. In his opinion, Justice Samuel Alito claimed that Roe was "egregiously erroneous" and that the case should be dismissed because neither the Constitution nor this country's "history and custom" clearly provide for the right to an abortion. Alito's opinion received the support of four justices—Clarence Thomas, Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh, and Amy Coney Barrett—while Chief Justice John Roberts separately concurred in the decision and the three liberal justices dissented. Politico published a draught judgement from February that appeared to indicate the court would take this action and completely overturn Roe. This led to a wave of protest from pro-choice activists and heightened attempts from states to both restrict and defend access to abortion.


The draught opinion indicating the Supreme Court may overturn Roe has been roundly condemned by top medical organisations and journals. According to the American Medical Association, the opinion "would lead to government interference in the patient-physician relationship, dangerous intrusion into the practice of medicine, and potentially criminalise care." The House of Delegates of the association, which consists of doctors and medical students, established a policy in June opposing governmental limitations on reproductive healthcare, such as prohibitions on abortion and contraception, calling them "violations of human rights."

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