How overturning Roe v Wade in the United States will result in more women's death.


How overturning Roe v Wade in the United States will result in more women's death.


According to a leaked US Supreme Court opinion draft, the nation's highest court is on the approach of overturning Roe v Wade, the pivotal 1973 case that established the country's right to abortion. On May 2, the news site Politico revealed a draught written by Samuel Alito, one of the court's justices. If – or, as many now believe in the aftermath of this revelation, when – the decision is overturned, the consequences for women's health will be disastrous.

Making abortion illegal has little influence on the number of abortions performed, according to research. According to a 2009 study conducted by doctors at Boston's Brigham and Women's Hospital, countries with stricter abortion laws have higher abortion rates than countries where abortion is readily available. Abortion restrictions, on the other hand, significantly increase the risk of death for those who receive them. According to the same study, abortion-related mortality is 34 times greater in countries with strict abortion laws.

Abortion is one of the safest gynecological therapies, far safer than delivery if done appropriately. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 0.41 deaths per 100,000 legal abortions occur in the US, compared to 23.8 deaths per 100,000 live births.

On the other side, abortions performed in unsanitary conditions or by unskilled practitioners might be lethal. According to a 2009 study, 68,000 women die each year in the world as a result of botched abortions, usually due to hemorrhage and infection, while another 5 million suffer long-term health repercussions.

Risks of unwanted pregnancies

Pregnancy and labor can be exhausting and even fatal in and of themselves. In the United States in 2020, 861 women died as a result of pregnancy or childbirth-related causes. Preeclampsia and gestational diabetes affect 6–8% of pregnant women, and they increase the risk of high blood pressure and diabetes later in life.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), black women in the United States are approximately three times more likely than white women to die during pregnancy. If people are forced to give birth, they will be forced to face these dangers.

Limiting abortion access might also cause emotional pain. In a study of 956 women seeking abortions in the United States, those who were denied the procedure had higher levels of concern, lower life satisfaction, and lower self-esteem in the weeks after the procedure than those who had one.

The impact on children born from unwanted pregnancies is another negative result of limited abortion access. Unwanted pregnancy has been linked to deficiencies in the future child's cognitive, emotional, and social functions. These kids are more likely to have unfavorable long-term consequences as adults, such as increased criminal behavior, dependency on public assistance, and an unhappy marriage."

What happens next?

The Supreme Court of the United States has yet to rule on whether or not the verdict upholding the country's right to abortion should be overturned. The leaked report was an early draught of a majority decision, with an official decision coming in June. Abortion is still available for those who need it right now.

If Roe v Wade is reversed, abortion will no longer be permitted in the United States as a whole, but only in certain states. The Supreme Court's latest decision comes on the heels of the approval of the greatest state-level abortion restrictions in a single year.

Thirteen states have developed so-called trigger laws, which would effectively outlaw all abortions if Roe v Wade is overturned. Another nine states have anti-abortion laws that were ruled unenforceable when Roe v Wade was decided, but will almost probably be reinstated if the Supreme Court rules against it. If Roe v. Wade is reversed, the Guttmacher Institute, a reproductive rights research organization, estimates that 26 states will likely ban abortion.

As a result, safe abortion access will be limited by geography and resources, putting the most vulnerable even more at risk.

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