Coping with Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy.

 Coping with Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy


Pregnancy is a beautiful and joyous experience, but it can also come with its fair share of challenges. Hyperemesis Gravidarum, a severe form of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, affects about 1-2% of pregnant women. It is important to know that it is not the same as the normal morning sickness experienced by most pregnant women, which typically fades by the 12th week of pregnancy. Hyperemesis Gravidarum can last throughout the entire pregnancy, nd can be debilitating for the mother.

In this article, we will discuss the causes of Hyperemesis Gravidarum, its symptoms, and ways to cope with it.

Causes of Hyperemesis Gravidarum

The exact cause of Hyperemesis Gravidarum is not yet known, but it is thought to be related to the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. The surge in hormones, particularly the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is produced by the placenta, is believed to be a major contributor to Hyperemesis Gravidarum.

Dr. Marjorie Greenfield, an obstetrician-gynecologist and author of "The Working Woman's Pregnancy Book," explains that "During pregnancy, the levels of hormones such as estrogen and progesterone can be 100 times higher than they are in a non-pregnant woman. These hormones can cause nausea and vomiting."

Symptoms of Hyperemesis Gravidarum

The symptoms of Hyperemesis Gravidarum can range from mild to severe, and may include:

  • Nausea and vomiting that persists throughout the day, not just in the morning.
  • Severe dehydration due to the inability to keep fluids down.
  • Weight loss of more than 5% of pre-pregnancy body weight.
  • Low blood pressure and increased heart rate.
  • Fatigue and weakness.
  • Dizziness and fainting.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Hyperemesis Gravidarum can be serious and even life-threatening if left untreated.

Coping with Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Hyperemesis Gravidarum can be a challenging condition to cope with, but there are ways to manage the symptoms and make itthemore bearable.

Stay Hydrated

One of the most important things you can do when experiencing Hyperemesis Gravidarum is to stay hydrated. Dehydration can be a serious complication of this condition, an can lead to further health complications for both the mother and the baby.

Dr. Kecia Gaither, a double board-certified physician in OB/GYN and Maternal-Fetal Medicine, explains that "In addition to vomiting, HG can also cause diarrhea, making it even harder to stay hydrated. It is important to drink plenty of fluids, even if it means taking small sips throughout the day."

Dr. Gaither also recommends drinking fluids with electrolytes, such as sports drinks or coconut water, to help replace lost fluids and electrolytes.

Eat Small, Frequent Meals

Eating large meals can exacerbate the symptoms of Hyperemesis Gravidarum. Instead, try eating small, frequent meals throughout the day. This can help keep your blood sugar levels stable and prevent nausea and vomiting.

Dr. Greenfield explains that "Eating small, frequent meals can help to prevent the nausea vomiting associated with HG. It is also important to avoid foods that are greasy or spicy, as these can further aggravate the symptoms."

Rest and Relaxation

Rest and relaxation are important when coping with Hyperemesis Gravidarum.

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