What is Gender-based Violence and its impact?

What is Gender-based Violence and its impact?

What is Gender-based Violence and its impact?_ichhori.webP

Gender-based violence (GBV) refers to any harmful act or behavior that is perpetrated against an individual based on their gender or sex. GBV affects individuals of all genders, but it disproportionately impacts women and girls. GBV can take many forms, including physical, sexual, emotional, and economic abuse.

Some examples of GBV include:

Intimate partner violence (IPV) or domestic violence: This can involve physical, sexual, or emotional abuse by a current or former partner.

Sexual violence: This includes rape, sexual assault, and sexual harassment.

Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C): This involves the partial or total removal of external female genitalia for non-medical reasons.

Forced marriage: This is when someone is married without their consent or against their will.

Honor killings: This is the killing of someone, usually a woman, who is believed to have brought shame or dishonor to their family or community.

GBV is a human rights violation and a public health issue. It has severe consequences for the physical, mental, and social well-being of survivors. To address GBV, it is essential to challenge harmful gender norms and promote gender equality and respect for human rights. Additionally, it is important to provide support and services to survivors of GBV, such as access to medical care, counseling, legal assistance, and safe housing.


Women, peace, and security

Women, peace, and Security (WPS) is a global framework that seeks to promote the participation and protection of women in conflict prevention, resolution, and post-conflict reconstruction. It was first introduced in 2000 by the United Nations Security Council, which passed Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace, and Security.

The WPS agenda recognizes that women are disproportionately affected by armed conflict and that their participation in peacebuilding is essential for sustainable peace. The WPS framework includes four pillars:

Participation: Women's participation in all aspects of peacebuilding and conflict prevention, from decision-making to implementation, at all levels.

Protection: Protection of women's rights and safety from all forms of violence, including sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV).

Prevention: Prevention of conflict and addressing the root causes of conflict through the promotion of gender equality and women's empowerment.

Relief and Recovery: Addressing the needs of women and girls in relief and recovery efforts, including access to health care, education, and economic opportunities.

The WPS framework has been further developed through subsequent Security Council resolutions and has been endorsed by many governments and organizations. However, challenges remain in implementing the WPS agenda, including inadequate funding and lack of political will, and the ongoing use of sexual violence as a weapon of war.


Adolescent girls

Adolescent girls, typically defined as those between the ages of 10 and 19, face a wide range of challenges related to their physical, psychological, and social development. Some of the key issues affecting adolescent girls include:

Education: Girls are more likely than boys to drop out of school, particularly in low-income countries. This can limit their opportunities for employment and economic independence.

Sexual and reproductive health: Adolescent girls face a range of challenges related to their sexual and reproductive health, including early marriage, unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and limited access to sexual and reproductive health services.

Violence: Adolescent girls are at increased risk of gender-based violence, including physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, both in their homes and in their communities.

Discrimination: Adolescent girls may face discrimination based on their gender, ethnicity, race, or other factors, which can limit their opportunities and restrict their rights.

Mental health: Adolescent girls may also experience mental health challenges, including depression and anxiety, as they navigate the challenges of adolescence and the social pressures they face.

To address these challenges, it is important to empower adolescent girls through education, access to health care and services, and protection from violence and discrimination. This can include efforts to promote gender equality, increase access to education and economic opportunities, and provide support and resources for mental health and well-being. Additionally, it is important to engage with adolescent girls directly and to listen to their perspectives and experiences to inform policies and programs that address their unique needs and challenges.


Women’s economic empowerment

Women's economic empowerment (WEE) refers to the process of increasing women's access to and control over economic resources, including employment, income, and assets. It involves enabling women to participate fully and equally in the economy, as well as addressing the systemic barriers that prevent them from doing so.

There are many benefits to women's economic empowerment, both for women themselves and for society as a whole. These benefits include:

Increased income and economic security for women and their families, which can lead to improved health, education, and well-being.

Greater economic growth and productivity, as women's contributions to the economy are recognized and utilized.

Improved social and political participation, as women's economic empowerment, can lead to greater voice and influence in decision-making.

To promote women's economic empowerment, it is important to address the structural and systemic barriers that prevent women from participating fully in the economy. These barriers can include discriminatory laws and policies, lack of access to education and training, and limited access to financial services and markets.

Efforts to promote women's economic empowerment may include policies and programs to:

Increase women's access to education and training, particularly in high-growth sectors.

Address discriminatory laws and policies that limit women's economic opportunities.

Increase access to financial services and markets, including microfinance, savings and credit, and insurance.

Encourage women's entrepreneurship and support the growth of women-owned businesses.

Address gender-based violence and discrimination in the workplace

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