What are the types of Ovarian Cysts?

 Ovarian cysts can cause a huge amount of anxiety and stress and fears about the malignancy in women. In the beginning stage, it doesn't have any major health symptoms or hazards but can be a matter of concern in the future. Consult your specialist to get the best treatment options available at the early stages to treat it better. 

Let us learn through this article the data-based facts on US and AIIMS, the meaning of the ovarian cysts, their symptoms, and the major types of Ovarian Cysts prevailing across nations in women. 

AIIMS, INDIA - Ovarian Cysts Data

  • As revealed by the AIIMS, 'In India, one out of every 4 women has the PCOS - Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome.' 
  • According to the research-based facts, note that 20-25% of women in India have the Ovarian Cysts issue, this number is higher than that of the USA (10%) & different other European countries (2%).
  • As per Dr. Ganie, almost 60% of females having PCOS syndrome are obese. Others consist of fatty livers. He added, that 70% of the women have insulin resistance. Also, the low tolerance to glucose was seen in 40-60% of the women. 
  • AIIMS gynecologist named Dr. Nutan Agarwal said that more than half of the women have got no awareness about ovarian cysts because of which they aren't aware that this syndrome can lead to diabetes.

Unheard Stats and Facts

  • As per the researchers, '60-80% of the women form the minimum of one corpus luteum cyst or the follicle cyst every month.' 

  • One of the in-depth investigations revealed that 'The large cysts develop in almost 8% of the women having premenopausal.'

  • According to the Health National Institutes, 'More than 5-10 percent of the women need to undergo the typical surgery process to remove the ovarian cysts.'

  • As revealed by the Health departmental researchers, 'Almost between 13-21 percent of the ovarian cysts can lead to cancer in women.'

Ovarian Cysts Stats in the United States 

  • Out of every 100,000 women in the U.S, the ovarian carcinoma cases sum up to 15 in total yearly wise. 
  • More than 21,000 women in the U.S. are diagnosed with the case of ovarian carcinoma yearly.
  • The estimated death year-wise due to ovarian carcinoma yearly stands at 14,600.
  • In the U.S., epithelial ovarian adenocarcinomas are the most spread and infectious tumors of the ovary.  
  • In the U.S., the least malignant tumors of the ovary have an overall percentage of 20%. 
  • The Granulosa Cell Tumors in U.S. cases are 2%, whereas the germ cell tumors are not more than 5%.

What are ovarian cysts?

In the ovary, Sacs filled with fluids are known as the Ovarian Cysts. According to the researchers, the chances of getting Ovarian Cysts are higher in women with regular and free-flow menstruations. 

Highlights of Ovarian Cysts -

  • The cysts formed in the ovary are generally considered to be harmless. 
  • The Cysts can form in other parts of the body as well.
  • The formation of the Ovarian Cysts takes place at the time of ovulation I.e. when an egg is released monthly wise by the ovary. 
  • More than 70% of the Women did not catch any symptoms of Ovarian Cysts, they are asymptomatic in multiple cases.

Causes of the Ovarian Cysts

    • Pregnancy
    • Infections in the Pelvic part
    • Endometriosis
    • Women Hormonal Disbalance

Symptoms of the Ovarian Cysts

Generally, the symptoms of ovarian cysts are not too common in 70-80% of cases of women. It becomes obvious when the cysts combine themselves to form a large community. 

Nonetheless, the below symptoms can help you detect it at the earliest.

  • Huge gain of weight 
  • Pelvic pain
  • Excess menstruation cramps causing pain
  • Unbearable lower back and thighs pain and heaviness there
  • Heavy pain while making sexual intercourse 
  • Unexpected bleeding from the vaginal area
  • Tenderness of the breast
  • Urge to urinate after every 20 minutes.  
  • Uneasiness in the body while vacating the bladder or bowel.

What are the types of ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts hold no measure of precautions to be taken to avoid it. It can happen to you dyeing your periods, pregnancy, and multiple unknown body infections. There are many types of ovarian cysts in women with or without their knowledge. We have included the brief about the most obvious type of ovarian cysts in the section below -


When the lining of the uterus inside the womb ends up developing outside of the uterus, then these ovarian cysts take place. Generally, it is caused because of endometriosis. 


    • According to the ICE - Indian Centre for Endometriosis, 'every 2 out of the 10 women is a patient of Endometriosis.' 
    • In 2018, more than 25 million women suffered from severe body pain due to Endometriosis.
    • According to Mansukhani, a health expert, - 'A woman is 50 times more at a higher risk of having an Endometriosis if she delivers via a cesarean section.'
    • According to the Times of India, 2021 data, Endometriosis cases in Maharashtra, India rise by 40%.


Such ovarian cysts are compressed with water like plain fluids. They, in severe women cases, can grow extremely large and can be highly infectious. 


    • With the due course of time, Cystadenomas can grow extremely large by size. 
    • Its diameter may measure up to more than 12 inches. 
    • There are common benign epithelial neoplasms.
    • Its two types are serous and mucinous.
    • KRAS mutations hold it's presence in more than 58% of the situations.

3.Corpus luteum cysts

A mass of cells formed due to the shrinking of the empty follicle sac formed during the breaking, opening, and releasing of the egg by the follicle is known as the Corpus luteum cysts.


    • Constructed to support hormones to form eggs for an upcoming menstrual cycle. 
    • Mostly, it doesn't last for a week.
    • They hold the capacity to grow by 4 inches.
    • Results in ovary bleeding causing an enormous amount of pain.
    • Formed only when there is no shrinking of the sac.


4.Follicle Cysts

A small sac having a place where the egg released each month during the period grows, is known as the Follicle Cysts. 


    • The break of a Follicle opens when the egg matures. This leads to the releasing of the egg.
    • Lasts for 3 to 4 months.
    • Holds no obvious symptoms as such.


Dermoid is generally non-symptomatic. Its origin takes place from the cells that are there in your body since birth.


    • Also known as Mature Cystic Teratomas.
    • Dermoid Cysts are always benign.
    • Holds the capacity to torse, rupture, sebum, and spilling the matured tissue of mesodermal, & ectodermal.

Ovarian cysts can happen to any woman without her knowledge! So, it's better to get regular full-body checkups monthly to forecast such heath problems. Ovarian cysts are common while pregnancies, although they aren't harmful to the baby but might cause troubles in childbirth. 

Moreover, if you are ovulating, then the ovarian cysts can not be prevented at any cost. Your doctor or any specialist would recommend hormonal birth control to put a full stop to your ovulating. It's done to lower down the risks of developing new ovarian cysts. Be sure to have frequent checkups to avoid any severe cases at any point in time. 





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