In the stage of puberty, a girl undergoes many changes in her body. These changes include both physical and emotional. Girls should be given proper knowledge about the changes occurring so that they do not panic and be open to asking questions. Menstrual cycle and menstrual hygiene is a topic that should be made gender-neutral and gender sensitive. The first guide of a girl who has attained puberty is her mother and sister in the household and the second guide is her school teacher.

A woman’s body is not only limited to internal changes like the menstrual cycle, hormonal changes, etc. it is also vulnerable to diseases like a bacterial infection or viral infection. One of the least explained topics and the one in the taboo category is that of the menstrual cycle and its related myths. Every month a girl who has attained puberty undergoes this cycle of 4-5 days. The uterus prepares itself for implantation if intercourse has occurred. If intercourse has not occurred, the main female hormones; progesterone and estrogen levels decrease from normal. This leads to the shedding of the inner lining of the uterus, which is known as the menstrual cycle, and the shredded tissues are called menses. Nearly 50-150 ml of blood loss occurs in a normal girl/woman in this duration.

After the cycle ends, the level of estrogen hormone increases followed by progesterone. The inner lining or endometrium is formed again in the uterus, prepared for implantation. This cycle repeats every month in a normal woman. If a woman is facing any kind of disorder like PCOD, PCOS, Infertility, etc. the menstrual cycle is affected the most.

There are many myths associated with menstruation but the ICHHORI website clears it all for all age groups women. The site is for women, by women, and of women. It covers almost all topics that for some reason are put into the taboo category. Every issue, every right, every disease is covered keeping it women-centric. Here, we’ll put some points on premenstrual syndrome and how to tackle it.

Affecting almost 90% of the women population across the globe, premenstrual syndrome is a combination of physical and emotional changes experienced by a woman in her reproductive age. The symptoms of this syndrome range from mild to severe in different women and mostly affect women above 30 years of age.

The normal menstrual cycle in a woman is of 28 days, in the premenstrual syndrome condition severe abdominal pain, bloating, etc. is experienced between the duration of ovulation and the next period's arrival. The pain in premenstrual syndrome is similar to that of the menstrual cycle, causing a woman to skip her job or any other activity. PMS occurs before the menstrual cycle, at least 4-5 days ago, and is seen regularly for three menstrual cycles in a woman. After the menstrual cycle is over, the PMS symptoms also end with it. It is PMS when it starts hampering your routine activity with mood swings and anxiety.

HOW TO DEAL WITH THE SYNDROME - Certain diseases occur naturally in women without any foreign particle entry or induction of medicine like PCOS, PCOD, PMS, etc. Change in a few aspects can help reduce the burden of the disease. A slight lifestyle change can help combat certain issues coming with PMS. Here are a few tips to reduce the challenges in PMS –

·         Exercise, meditate, and do yoga – there are certain asanas in yoga that help reduce the pain caused due to periods. Getting involved in exercise and meditation not only boosts immunity but also helps reduce the chances of depression and anxiety as one will remain indulged in some activity.

·         Nutritious food and a balanced diet – a healthy diet for women is very necessary. One should always prefer food with rich vitamins and proteins so the body gets enough nutrition to function and no extraoral supplements are needed.

·         Proper sleep pattern – if a woman is facing an insomnia-like condition, she should consult a doctor as soon as possible. Proper sleep can help curb depression and anxiety-like issues, which can eventually lessen the burden of PMS.

HOW DO WOMEN DEAL WITH EMOTIONAL IMBALANCE IN MENSTRUATION? The 4-5-day cycle for a woman is painful, full of cramps and mood swings. Due to this, her daily routine and work-life balance are disturbed. First of all, the given menstrual dates are not fully-proof for every girl or woman. It’s not like a movie release that occurs every Friday or arrives first-day first show. It can be delayed, preponed, arrive at any time during day or night, arrive at any place; a movie, on a date, while sleeping, or while swimming too. There are no alarms for this, all one needs are to carry sanitary pads wherever she goes.

Women are now in almost every field, from the country’s land border to protecting the seas. They have soared to the moon, fourteen peaks, and dived into the Mariana trench. With such huge tasks and responsibilities in her day-to-day life, she cannot afford to sit for 4-5 days because of the menstrual pain. Many private firms have begun giving menstrual leaves to their female counterpart, understanding their situation. But it can create a vacuum if a bunch of women are on leave at the same time. Here are a few tips to overcome emotional imbalance and resume work from menstrual pain –

·         Painkillers – the emotional imbalance is mostly associated with the cramps as they are intolerable. Keeping a set of painkillers in one’s handbag can help reduce the unbearable pain and help concentrate on work. This in turn helps woman continue their work without taking leaves or bunking class. The reduction in pain can help restore emotional balance to get going.

·         Hot bag massage – certain workplaces offer hot bags and cramps reducing roll-ons for their female staff. This shows how gender-sensitive the workplace is for its staff. The roll-ons and hot massage can bring relief to the pain and help continue work. These women-friendly products have been a great support to overcome cramps.

·         Get indulged in activity, exercise, and good food – it’s difficult to do regular work in periods, so how can one indulge in other activities. According to research, some creative activities like art and crafts, quilting, singing, listening to music, etc. can help divert the mind from the pain resulting in less emotional imbalance and release of happy hormones. Some light exercise, meditation, and walking are recommended in periods so the body does not get lazy and remains active throughout time. Good food is equal to a good mood. Indulging in some desserts like chocolate, ice-creams, etc. can put you in a good mood and help bear the cramps.

A woman’s health faces a lot of changes and challenges throughout her life. Instead of accepting the situation and turning negative, she should always look for consulting an expert and reading about the disease and issue on an authentic site. Nowadays some experts and enthusiasts are eager to help women and cater proper advice to them online like ICHHORI. They target to cater information to women after proper research so that the person in need does not have to look elsewhere. 

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